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853.TABLE DANCE / Global

TABLE DANCE, called also bartop dancing, is typically an erotic dance performed at (or on) a patron’s table, as opposed to on a stage. In some jurisdictions, a table dance may be an alternative to a lap dance, due to laws preventing exotic dancers from making contact with customers.

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854.Tahtib / Egypt

Tahtib is coming from “Hatab” which means wooden sticks. It is a kind of dance,that has a long history in upper Egypt and a lot of masculine exhibitionism. It is related to such qualities as honour, courage and power.

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855.Tajik dance / Tajikistan

Tajik dance is divided into several styles: Pamir, Mountain‚ Bukhara‚ Southern, Hissar Valley‚ Northern Tajikistan. Each of them is distinguished by costumes, movements, manners characteristic for the population of these regions. Tajik dances were born before the early Middle Ages. They were integral part of everyday life and accompanied all significant events‚ births‚ family holidays, etc, and they are divided into the following kinds: pantomime dance (the most ancient) which is based on imitation of animals and birds; ceremonial dance - “rakskhoi marosimi”; dance beside death bed - “poiamal” (preserved in Pamir). Among the ritual dances the popular ones are such as "gilem" - a carpet‚ "boft" - weaving‚ "oshpaz" - the cook, etc. Men's dances are frequently aggressive. The movements are sharp, dynamic, swift in order to symbolise power and force.

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856.Takamba / Mali

Takamba used to be a music performed by Tamasheq griots and blacksmiths of the Gao region in Mali to celebrate the end of harvest, welcome and encourage warriors back from the battle and to praise noble families. The word “Takamba” has its origins in the village of Temera, situated between Timbuktu and Gourem. People of the region spoke of a Tamasheq master and his griot camping one day near Temera. Hearing the sound of the tehardent, the Songhai villagers approached the two men. Fascinated by the beauty of one of the women, the master wanted to lend her his hand. His griot spoke to the woman, saying "takamba", meaning "take the hand". This is how the term Takamba was born in Temera, a village renamed after the music.

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857.Takenoko-zoku / Japan

Takenoko-zoku (“bamboo shoot tribe") describes a type of dance group active from the mid-1970s to the mid-1980s in Tokyo, especially in Harajuku. The teenagers, mainly girls but often with one boy leading, were colourfully dressed and danced in a distinctive style on the sidewalk to music from stereos. To an extent, they were precursors to the gyaru groups that would eventually arise in the 90s.

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858.Tamberma / Togo

Tamberma is an amazing traditional dance of Tamberma People in North of Togo. The region is called also Koutammakou and the people Batammariba.

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859.Tambú / Curaçao

Tambú is a drum, music genre and dance form, found on Aruba, Bonaire and Curaçao. Curaçaoan tambu is a major part of that island's culture, and is there a genre that is considered muziek di zumbi (literally, spirit music, referring to music of African origin). Tambú, sometimes called the Curaçao blues, was first sung by slaves (mostly women) expressing pain and sadness, usually accompanied by the tambú drum and the agan (a piece of iron or ploughshare) or chapi (a hoe), along with clapping (usually only by the women in the audience). The moves are often “suggestive”, yet the dance follows a strict etiquette of no physical touching, despite sexual appeal of the dance. Due to its suggestive nature, it was long banned and persecuted for many year by the Catholic Church and government.

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860.Tamenhaibuga / Uganda

Tamenhaibuga literally means “do not break the gourd”. Gourds are fruits much like pumpkins but are not edible. They are used for storage of grains, fetching in water, carrying in milk or beer and other things. They are looked at as symbols of royalty and unity in the Basoga society. Tamenhaibuga is a royal dance, but it is also an entertainment art. It has connection to the gourd, a symbol of royalty and it is rooted in the Basoga chiefs palaces. These two points should qualify Tamenhaibuga to be a royal art and symbol of unity.

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861.TAMURE / Tahiti

TAMURE is the oldest dance from Tahiti. When Europeans colonists arrived in Tahiti in mid 19th century, they prohibited this dance because of its erotic, almost satanic aspect. Half a century later, French protectorate allowed to perform it again. Its movements are based on warrior dance and daily life gestures. Usually danced as a group of boys and girls, all dressed in more (the Tahitian grass skirt, not made of grass but of the fibres from the bark of the “pūrau” (hibiscus). Boys shake their knees and the girls shake their hips. The girls are largely standing still, the boys move around their partner, either facing her in front or hiding behind her back. The tempo of the music is continuously increasing to the point where only the most experienced and fittest dancers can keep their shakings up.

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862.Tango / Argentina

Tango is a partner dance which originated in the 1880s along the Río de Plata, the natural border between Argentina and Uruguay. It was born in the impoverished port areas of these countries, where natives mixed with slave and European immigrant populations. The tango is the result of a combination of the German Waltz, Czech Polka, Polish Mazurka, and Bohemian Schottische with the Spanish-Cuban Habanera, African Candome, and Argentinian Milonga. It was frequently practiced in the brothels and bars of ports, where business owners employed bands to entertain their patrons with music. Then it spread to the rest of the world. Many variations of this dance currently exist around the world. On August 31, 2009, UNESCO approved a joint proposal by Argentina and Uruguay to include the tango in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists.

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863.Tanoura / Egypt

Tanoura is an Egyptian dance that has roots in Sufi dances. It merged with Folk and Baladi elements to create own style. There are many styles of whirling Dervish dances but Tanoura has its own particular style that ties it to Folklore dancing coming from Egypt.

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864.TAP DANCE / USA

TAP DANCE is a dance characterized by using the sounds of tap shoes striking the floor as a form of percussion. The sound is made by shoes that have a metal “tap” on the heel and toe. There are several variations on tap dance: Rhythm Tap, Classical Tap, Broadway Tap and Post-modern Tap. Broadway Tap originates from English theatrical tradition and often focuses on formations, choreography and generally less complex rhythms, and it is widely performed in musical theatre. Rhythm Tap focuses on musicality. Its practitioners consider themselves to be a part of the jazz tradition. Classical Tap has a long tradition which marries European “classical” music with American foot drumming with a wide variation in full-body expression. Post-modern or Contemporary Tap has emerged over the last three decades to incorporate abstract expression, thematic narrative and technology.

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865.Tapetta Gullu / India

Tapetta Gullu is a form of folk dance that was started by the people of Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is a devotional dance performed by the shepherds and cowherds in the worship of local goddess Gangamma for rain. The main feature of the dance is the ritualistic Ghatam, which means a ritual pot. The dance is also performed during the Dasavatara festival. It is a dance performed by a group of 10 to 15 men.

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866.Tarantella / Italy

Tarantella is a group of various folk dances characterized by a fast upbeat tempo accompanied by tambourines. It is among the most recognised forms of traditional southern Italian music. The specific dance-name varies with every region, for instance tammurriata in Campania, pizzica in the Salento region, Sonu a ballu in Calabria. Tarantella is popular in Southern Italy and Argentina. In the Italian province of Taranto, Apulia, the bite of a locally common type of wolf spider, named "tarantula" after the region, was popularly believed to be highly venomous and to lead to a hysterical condition known as tarantism. This became known as the Tarantella. The dance originated from an underground "Dianic or Dionysiac cult". Roman Senate suppressed these ancient Bacchanalian rituals, thus in 186 BC tarantella went underground, reappearing under the guise of emergency therapy for bite victims.

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867.Tarantism / Italy

Tarantism called also dancing mania is an Italian social phenomenon, in which the victims were said to have been poisoned by a tarantula or scorpion. Its earliest known outbreak was in the 13th century, and the only antidote known was to dance to particular music to separate the venom from the blood. People would suddenly begin to dance, sometimes affected by a perceived bite or sting, and were joined by others, who believed the venom from their own old bites was reactivated by the heat or the music. Dancers would dance accompanied by music which would eventually "cure" the victim. Some participated in further activities, such as tying themselves up with vines and whipping each other, pretending to sword fight, drinking large amounts of wine, and jumping into the sea. Some died if there was no music to dance to.

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868.Tarpa Nach / India

Tarpa Nach is mainly a tribal dance. The dance performances are usually done on moonlit nights Few villages in Maharashtra perform this dance after Diwali Night celebrations. It is an extremely popular folk dance in the regions of Thane, Dadra & Nagar Haveli in Maharashtra, India. Tarpa is the most popular dance form of the Warli, Kokna and Koli communities and is performed in celebration of the harvest in September and until the festival of Diwali. The lead dancer of the group taps the ground with an ornamental stick in a rhythmic beat. The others hold each other around the waist and wind their way around the musician. The man plays on the Tarpa, a wind instrument fashioned from gourd and bamboo sticks. The pace of the dance and steps change with the tune played by the musician on the Tarpa.

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869.Tarraxinha / Angola

Tarraxinha is a slow style of dance from Angola that comes from Kizomba. “Tarraxa” means “nut bolt” and “Inha” is the diminutive, so Tarraxinha is a ‘little nut bolt’. That is the sexual innuendo with the word: “little nut bolt wrapping around the screw”. Dancers get very close to each other. Danced on the spot, tarraxinha has very little in the way of steps and is focused on isolations and two bodies moving as one. The music often has little melody and a much heavier-hitting beat than kizomba.

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870.tchiloli / São Tomé and Príncipe

tchiloli is a traditional cultural performance of São Tomé and Príncipe, typically telling a story (most commonly, a dramatic one), consisting of the theatrical recreation of the mediaeval conflict between the court of Charlemagne and the court of the Marquess of Mantua.

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871. TEBE DAI / East Timor

TEBE DAI is a traditional circle dance performed throughout East Timor and it is accompanied by a drum.

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872.Techno / Global

Techno is dance performed to the electronic dance music that emerged in Detroit, Michigan, in the United States during the mid-to-late 1980s. It resulted from the melding of African American music including Chicago house, funk, electro, and electric jazz with electronic music by artists such as Kraftwerk and Yellow Magic Orchestra. Added to this is the influence of futuristic and fictional themes relevant to life in American late capitalist society. This unique blend of influences aligns techno with the aesthetic referred to as Afrofuturism. To producers such as Derrick May, the transference of spirit from the body to the machine is often a central preoccupation; essentially an expression of technological spirituality. Techno dance music defeats what Adorno saw as the alienating effect of mechanisation on the modern consciousness.

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873.Techno Viking / Viral

Techno Viking is an internet phenomenon or meme based on a video from the 2000 Fuckparade in Berlin, Germany. The 4-minute video shot by experimental video artist Matthias Fritsch. The camera shows dancing people with a blue haired woman in front. A man stumbles into the scene grabbing the woman. A bare-chested man (known colloquially as the Techno Viking) enters the scene while turning to that man. He grabs him by the arms and the camera shows the confrontation. The bare-chested man pushes the guy back in the direction he came. He looks at him sternly and then points his finger at him, ensuring he behaves. Then the camera follows the bare-chested man as the techno parade continues. As the situation calms down, the bare-chested man starts to dance down Rosenthaler Straße to techno music.

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874.TEMATE / Ivory Coast

TEMATE is a traditional dance move from Ivory Coast.

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875.TEMNE DANCES / Sierra Leone

TEMNE DANCES are dances performed by the Temne people, currently the largest ethnic group in Sierra Leone, at 35% of the total population, living in Northern Province and the Western Area, including the national capital Freetown. Temne women are part of the Digba Society of Patfu Mayawa in Central Sierra Leone and dressed in colourful attired perform often at graduation dances.

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876.Tenjin Festival Dragon Dance / Japan

Tenjin Festival Dragon Dance is a dance performed in Osaka Prefecture in Japan during the Tenjin Festival. Unlike a man dragging dragon dolls by multiple people at Chinatown and the Spring Festival in Kobe, the dragon mimics are rising also in the dance. It is a characteristic that a dancer expresses dragon drag by bending a finger and twisting hands and body. In addition to the Tenjin Festival, it is also possible to enjoy dancing it in the Ogaki city's Shinjuku Shrine, Nagara Hachimangu Shrine, Maki Shrine, Kuwazu Tenjin Shrine, Yawata Ojinjinga of Shimizu of Asahi Ward. In addition, it can be seen on the street performance , etc., in the vicinity of Umeda.

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877.Tera Tali / India

Tera Tali is a famous folk dance of Rajasthan, India, performed by the Kamar tribe. The women sit on the ground during the performance, while the men sing. Tera Tali includes tying of metal cymbals (Manjiras) to different parts of the body, mostly to the legs. On many occasions the women clasp a sword between their teeth and balance a decorative pot on their head.

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878.Tharaka DANCE / Kenya

Tharaka DANCE is a traditional dance of Tharaka people from Kenya.

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879.THEYYAM / India

THEYYAM is a popular ritual form of worship of northern part of Kerala, India, as a living cult with several thousand-year-old traditions, rituals and customs. It is a combination of ritual, theatrical and lived culture with music and elaborate costuming. Dancer acts possessed with different Hindu, Shaivite and other belief system deities. Performers belong to the lower caste community, and have an important position in Theyyam. People of these districts consider Theyyam itself as a God and they seek blessings from this Theyyam. The dance is generally performed in front of the village shrine. It is also performed in the houses as ancestor-worship. It is accompanied by the chorus of such musical instruments. There are over 400 separate Theyyams, each with their own music, style and choreography.

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880.Thlomela / Botswana

Thlomela is now a popular dance around Botswana. Many saw the dance move for the first time in Mochudi when a certain Jacqueline Mooketsi and her friends took to the stage to showcase their skills. Resident DJ of Masakeng, DJ Thoko, even went to the extent of shooting a video of the dance move and it went viral on social media. The move requires one to go down on their toes, hold on to something with their hands and gyrate. According to Thoko “this dance move can be done only with high pitch songs such as house music. Ever since I shot the video, it’s amazing how people call and want to learn the move. Even South African artists have called seeking for permission to edit the video and use it on their music videos.”

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881.Tigray DAnces / Ethiopia

Tigray DAnces are the dances from the northernmost of the nine regions of Ethiopia, homeland of the Tigrayans, Irob and Kunama peoples. The dance of Tigray is characterized by two-beat drum rhymes. According to the distinctive drum rhymes, they dance in a circle like Japanese bon dance. It also has different variety of steps, such as delicate neck motion, rhythmical shoulder movement, and jumping steps.

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882.Tinikling / Philippines

Tinikling is a traditional folk dance from the Spanish colonial era on Philippines. The dance requires at least two people to beat and move bamboo poles against the ground, while one or more people dance above and around the poles. The poles act as percussion instruments, with their tapping against the ground acting as a beat for the dancers. The dance is traditionally accompanied by rondalla music, but it is also commonly adapted to modern music as well.

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883.Tinku / Bolivia

Tinku is a ritual and a folkloric dance that is danced originally in the north of Potosí, in Bolivia. Word Tinku means "encounter" (from the Quechua word “tinkuy” meaning “to be found”). The dance is performed in a crouching stance, bending at the waist. Arms are thrown out and there are various kicks, while the performers move in circles following the beat of the drum. Every jump from one foot to the next is followed by a hard stomp and a thrown fist to signify the violence from the ceremonial tinku. Many times the dancers will hold basic and traditional instruments in their hands that they will use as they stomp, just to add more noise for a greater effect.

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884.Tippani / India

Tippani is a folk dance from the Chorwad region of Saurashtra in Gujarat, India. Tippani is made of two long wooden sticks of about 175 cm, joined by a square wooden or iron block called Garbo at the lower end to make it stronger in opposite rows. It was used to press lime into the foundation of a house or floor. Tippani dance originated among labourers, the Koli community who broke the stones and levelled the ground, and who performed it to avoid the monotony of work. It was performed exclusively by women, holding the tippani and dancing while beating the floor in two opposite rows, accompanied by folk songs. Turi and Thali (brass plate) are used to create music. Zanz, Manjira, Tabla, Dhol and Shehnai are the major used musical instruments. Tippani is performed during festivals and weddings.

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885.Tobelo / Indonesia / Viral

Tobelo is a Line dance originating from Maluku, that became a viral dance trend in 2017/2018. A group dance full of group aerobics.

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886.Tondero / Peru

Tondero is a Peruvian dance and musical genre. It is a native creation of the province of Morropón in the Department of Piura, and derived from the fusion of music brought by migrants from southern Spain and Eastern Europe, with the indigenous contribution, expressed in the introduction of the tondero, very similar to an indigenous Yaraví, as well as the African contribution, evidenced and externalised in the drum rolls.

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887.Tooro DANCES / Uganda

Tooro DANCES are dances performed by the Tooro people, living in one of the five traditional kingdoms located within the borders of Uganda.

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888.tori-sashi ODORI / Japan

Tori-sashi ODORI (bird-catching dance) is a tradition unique to Unzen city, Nagasaki Prefecture in Japan. Like real old-fashioned bird-catchers, men carry a special bird stick painted with birds on the tip, a pole called a “mochizao”. Unlike real bird-catchers, they only wear “fundoshi”. They also dance around chirping and pretending to be birds. Only men can perform this dance.

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889.Totur / Denmark

Totur is a folk dance from Vejle in Denmark. The name means “two figures.” It is danced by mixed couples in a circle. Basic steps include walking, two-step, grand right and left.

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890.Traditional dance / Barbados

Traditional dance of Barbados is related to the popular music, that includes calypso, soca, dancehall and reggae. There are also traditional folk songs with accompanying dances, tell stories of times gone by. Dancers often perform at festivals, on local holidays and other special events, presenting variety of styles. Dances and traditional costumes are an iconic part of Barbadian culture and ritual. Dance is often a part of a child’s early education in Barbados. Many of the local primary schools on the island have dance classes as a part of the curriculum, or as a highly recommended after school activity for the students.

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891.TRADITIONAL DANCE / Cameroon

TRADITIONAL DANCE is an integral part of the tradition, religion, and socialising of the country's people. Cameroon has more than 200 traditional dances, each associated with a different ceremonies or rituals. Colonial authorities and Christian missionaries discouraged native dances as threats to security and pagan holdovers. However, after Cameroon's independence, the government recognised traditional dance as part of the nation's culture and made moves to preserve it. Traditional dances follow strict choreography and segregate dancers based on age, occupation, sex, social status, and other factors. Some require special costumes and props (masks or fans). Dances accompany births, christenings, weddings, funerals and invoke the spirits of ancestors to cure the ill or increase fertility. The Bamileke performs war dances. The Baka dance to celebrate a successful hunt. Some dancers put themselves into a trance and communicate with the spirit world.

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892.Traditional Dance / China

Traditional Dance in China is a highly varied art form, consisting of many modern and traditional dance genres, from folk dances to performances in opera and ballet, and it is performed in public celebrations, rituals and ceremonies. There are 56 officially recognised ethnic groups in China and each of them has its own folk dance. Folk dances are important historically in the development of dance culture in China. Some of the earliest dances in court rituals and ceremonies may have evolved from folk dances. Rulers from various dynasties collected folk dances, many of which eventually became court dances. Many of the folk dances are related to harvest and hunting and the ancient gods associated with them. Among the best-known of the Chinese traditional dances are the Dragon dance and Lion dance.

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893.TRADITIONAL DANCE / Ecuador

TRADITIONAL DANCE plays important role in Ecuador, that has a long indigenous, African and Spanish tradition with different types of dances. Ecuadorian love to dance. One of the most traditional forms of dancing in Ecuador is Sanjuanito. It's originally from northern Ecuador, danced to local music in the festivities of the mestizo and indigenous cultures. Another best know dance from Ecuador is Pasillo, with origin in the classical Waltz. In the local dance culture hip and erotic movements are used a lot while dancing with bodies of the partners close to each other.

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894.TRADITIONAL DANCE / Equatorial Guinea

TRADITIONAL DANCE and music are the central elements of the culture for both Fang and Bubi people living in Equatorial Guinea. Many of the songs and dances have religious significance. Drums are a common instrument, as are wooden xylophones, bow harps, zithers and the sanza, a small thumb piano fashioned from bamboo. The accompaniment to a dance usually consists of three or four musicians. The Balélé dance is usually performed on Christmas and other holidays. The Ibanga, the Fang national dance, is popular along the coast. Its movements are highly sexual. The men and women who perform it cover their bodies in white powder.

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895.TRADITIONAL DANCE / Haiti

TRADITIONAL DANCE is an important part of Haitian life. In the case of Vodou, the religious experience of spirit possession is usually accompanied by dancing, singing, and drumming. Carnival and rara celebrations feature exuberant dancing and movement in the streets. Dancing is also a social activity, used for celebrations such as church socials and informal parties, as well as evenings out with friends. In small restaurants, social dance music is provided by relatively small twoubadou groups, while larger clubs with big dance floors often feature dance bands reminiscent of the American big bands in size. Social dance music has been one of the most heavily creolised music forms in Haiti. European dance forms such as the quadrille, waltz, and polka were introduced to white planter audiences during the colonial period.

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896.Traditional Dances / Korea

Traditional Dances in both South and North Korea began with shamanistic early rituals five thousand years ago and now ranges from folk dance to newly created and adopted contemporary dance. Many South Koreans these days are not interested in traditional dances, especially young people who use K-Pop to express themselves. Unfortunately, as a social medium, they are disappearing. However, some special government programs and grants are available to keep these dances alive. Furthermore, college students may major in traditional dance. There is a wide variety of traditional dances. Muyonggwa is a graceful dance primary done by women in groups or by oneself. Janggu is an exciting upbeat dance featuring drums.

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897.TRADITIONAL DANCES / Kuwait

TRADITIONAL DANCES in Kuwait show connections with the music of southern Iraq and south-eastern Iran. The music of the Gulf also has roots in African music, due to the extensive connections with East Africa, including the slave trade and immigration. Kuwait’s dance and music traditions were well recorded until the Iraqi occupation, during which the music archives were destroyed. Many of the dances in Kuwait are related to the sea, sailors’ life, boats. But there are also dances that have to do with the desert. It is quite common for many of these dance songs to use the zither and the lute, and many dances include the performers clapping along in rhythm while dancing. Some dances showcase the performer’s sword skills, like ardah. At weddings and other social events such dances like tanboura, samri and khamari are performed.

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898.TRADITIONAL DANCES / Myanmar

TRADITIONAL DANCES from Myanmar, including the Belu, Nat Gadaw and Zawgyi dances, are performed in honour to classic folklore characters, some from pre-Buddhist times. Origins of Burmese dance are from pre-Christian era and evolved during the many invasions throughout its history. The different traditional dance styles have references in Pali and Sanskrit myths, Burmese folklore, Buddhist practices, amongst others.

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899.Traditional DANCE / Papua New Guinea

Traditional DANCE plays an important role in a very complex culture of Papua New Guinea, a land where no native written word exists and with more than 700 spoken languages. One of the most popular forms of education is through song and dance. Each dance or sing-sing (a gathering of a few tribes or villages) has a special meaning. Sometimes it is a way to say “hello” and “welcome.” At other times, the ceremonial dance celebrate a hunting or a war victory. Traditional celebrations, include song, dance, feasting and gift-giving. On these celebrations or special occasions, beautifully painted faces, stunning headdresses, vibrant and colourful traditional costumes adorn the dancers, and an array of tumbuna songs and dances - each representing and telling a legendary story with each step, twist or jump having its own significance and value.

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900.Traditional FOLK dances / Tibet

Traditional FOLK dances of Tibet are of a great variety, according to the folk music of each region of the Tibetan plateau, now Autonomous Region of Tibet. Since the Chinese invasion, it has been difficult to pinpoint exact musical terminology and dance steps of each of the originally Tibetan regions due to Internet search barriers that influence language translation and research tools. For this project, all Traditional Dances of Tibet were grouped into one category. As a general description, Traditional Folk Tibetan Dances are usually cheerful, performed by communities and general people, inspired by regional songs and costumes. They praise local deities, celebrate harvesting, represent Buddhist and local deities, and more recently, even unite different regions into dancing to express the hope that Tibetan exiled return to their homeland, like the Lhoka Dances.

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901.Traditional dances / Vietnam

Traditional dances in Vietnam include dances performed in theatre, at festivals and royal imperial court dances. Much of Vietnamese theatre and dance are intertwined with each other. Popular theatre dances are performed in a liberal manner without set rules. Performed primarily at traditional festivals such as Lunar New Year and Mid-Autumn Festival, but also during other occasions such as the opening of a new business, is imported from China Lion dance, with its distinctive local style. It is highly symbolic, believed to ward off evil spirits, typically accompanied by martial artists and acrobatics. Imperial court dances are still highly preserved today as intangible cultural heritage. They require great skills and are performed at festivals and other special occasions, in order to promote the traditional arts. Some of the most popular dances are: Lantern dance, Lotus dance or Ribbon dance.

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902.Traditional Dance / Singapore

Traditional Dance in Singapore can be described as multicultural. Singapore is a multinational country, so the range of dance reflects its cultural diversity. For a young nation with a diverse immigrant population, the issue of "traditions" has always been a thorny one. By traditional dances of Singapore, one usually refers to the generic and popular forms of Chinese, Malay and Indian dances from China, the Malay archipelago and India. Since independence in 1965, these dance forms have been institutionalised as Singapore's official "traditional" or "ethnic" dances, thus for example Chinese Lion Dance is performed during New Year festivities. With the constant Westernisation of the country, there is also consistent struggle between the rejection and acceptance of western dance influences, such as ballet, jazz and tap, that have been locally popular for a long time.

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903.traditional nomadic danceS / Bhutan

traditional nomadic danceS by the Nomadic people of Bhutan who live in the eastern (Yak Cham Dance) or western (Layab Dance) parts of the country, are known for their particular dance expressions. The nomads who live in the eastern Bhutan perform dances to honour the local deity known as Aum Jomo (Goddess). The western nomadic yak herders dance is usually performed by men who sometimes dance inside the representation of a yak body.

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904.TRASH DANCE / Global

TRASH DANCE is freestyle dance performed around or on top of trash-bins.

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905.Trastrasera / Chile

Trastrasera is a dance typical of Chiloé Archipelago in southern Chile. It is a simple dance that can be adapted as a rhythmic game even for young children. It is a couple dance, yet it is best performed by larger groups. The figures follow the lyrics of the song. Before the music begins, the couples enter the stage holding hands, the man slightly in front of the woman, who appears to enter timidly. She dresses in a dark skirt and a brightly coloured jacket, with scarf is tied around the head. She wears thick, dark-coloured cotton or wool tights, and closed-toe shoes. The man wears dark pants, a striped shirt, espadrilles or boots with thick white tights that are folded over the pants. He also wears a poncho and a Chilote gorrito or beret.

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906. TRIANGLE DANCE / Viral


TRIANGLE DANCE is a dance challenge that started in February 2019. A TikTok user named Matthew Jones posted a video performing the dance to "Milkshake" by Kelis. The dance quickly went viral and it is really blowing up on Twitter ever since, with friends and colleagues desperately trying to master the intricate footwork. Danced by three people, standing in a triangle with their hands locked on each other's shoulders and then taking turns to jump into the middle, it is a pretty

simple dance as long as you remember to jump in a straight line and avoid giving your pal a concussion. It has received almost 950,000 likes on the video app already and it quickly became as known as the "Milkshake Challenge".

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907.TRIBA / Guinea

TRIBA is a dance from the Landuma people of the Boke and Boffa regions of Western Guinea. It used to be played after the initiation (circumcision) of young women when mothers and daughters celebrated and danced together. Today it is a very popular rhythm performed at festivals.

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908.TRIBAL FUSION / Global

TRIBAL FUSION is a mixture of various “tribal” or folk dances from around the world.

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909.Trigona / Greece

Trigona is a dance from Greece and it belongs to Horon dace category. “Trigona” means “pigeon”.

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910.Trojak / Poland

Trojak is a Polish folk dance coming from Silesia region. It is a double partner dance, performed in groups of three: one male dancer and two female dancers. The music of the dance has two parts: a slow one in 3/4 metre and a fast one in 2/4 metre. These parts are repeated several times, one after another. Ignoring the footwork, the figures may have the following arrangements: all three move in sync from the same foot; the boy dances with one girl, the second one dancing alone, then the boy switches the girl; girls are rolling on and then rolling off the arms; the trio forms a circle; the boy and the girls separate and move in the opposite directions, then join again.

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911.Tropicana DANCE / Cuba

Tropicana DANCE is a name for dance performances in the Tropicana Club, a world-known cabaret and club in Havana, Cuba. It was launched in 1939 at Villa Mina, a six-acre (24,000 m²) suburban estate with lush tropical gardens in Havana's Marianao neighbourhood. It is also well known for its exotic dancers and their performances.

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912.TROT / South Korea

TROT is a folk music from South Korea aimed for older people in their 50s and 60s. It is like country music in America, and the rhythm is very similar—one two, one two. The beat is simple and so is the dancing. There are no complicated movements as in the K-Pop. Couples may dance together or one can dance by oneself in a group. In many cities and towns, there are clubs for the over-50 crowd to enjoy the trot dance music and to dance together.

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913.Trote Nortino / Chile

Trote Nortino is a dance from the North of Chile. The pair of dancers perform steps as if they were jogging. While moving rhythmically they move back and forth. They hold hands and turn to one side and another, still moving their arms. The clothing used in this dance is very colourful, predominating alpaca or vicuña wool clothing. Women use skirts, one over the other, in coloured velvet. Another part of the trot clothing is the "aguayo", a square of wool that is placed on the back and is secured from the shoulders attached to the chest with a silver spoon. The man and the woman wear a hat. The music is accompanied by the guitar, the quena, the zampoña, the box and the bombo.

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914.Tsamikos / Greece

Tsamikos is a popular traditional folk dance of Greece, done to music of 3/4 meter. It follows a strict and slow tempo not emphasising on the steps, but more on the "attitude, style and grace" of the dancer. The dancers hold each other from each other's hands, bent 90 degrees upwards at the elbows. The steps are relatively easy but have to be precise and strictly on beat. The dancer might even stomp his foot in response to a strong beat. There is some improvisation involved and many variations of the steps, depending on which area the dancers come from. Over time the dance has taken on many variations. In the past, it was danced exclusively by men, but in modern times both men and women take part.

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915.Tsifteteli / Greece

Tsifteteli is the Greek belly dance. It follows a rhythm common all over the Middle East. Its name is Turkish and comes from “chifteteli”, which originally meant “two strings”. Typically it is not performed by a single belly dancer in a Rhine-stone costume, but by a massive number of dancers populating the dance floor, just like in a disco. It is danced by both men and women, in solo, couples and group formations. Essentially it is seducing female dance. Many women dance it on the tables or bars trying to seduce men who are watching them. It is one of the most important and meaningful dances in Greek music and culture.

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916.Tsutsube / Botswana

Tsutsube is a traditional dance in Botswana, which is practiced by Basarwa or San people. Tsutsube is performed in four ritualistic categories or stages that are the first kill, puberty, marriage and trance.

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917.Tuareg Sword dance / Mali

Tuareg Sword dance is a dance performed by the Tuared tribes with a sword called Takoba. Since the Tuareg have an aversion to touching iron, the takoba's hilt, is fully covered. The dancers are usually surrounded by men, women and even children accompanying them by clapping and singing while they do movements with their sword.

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918.TUCA TUCA / Italy

TUCA TUCA is an Italian dance style created by Raffaella Carrà in 1970. In particular, since the early 1970s, they have contained elaborate choreography, mesmerising elaborate themes, and her uninhibited style. She was the first television personality to show her belly button on camera with this song. This was met with heavy criticism from the Vatican and Catholic churches in the countries that watched her show, Canzonissima. Carrà had a hit song with the sensual "Tuca Tuca" (1970), written for her singing and dancing television presentations by her long-time collaborator and former boyfriend, Gianni Boncompagni.

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919.Tufo / Mozambique

Tufo is a traditional dance in Northern Mozambique. The dance is performed by groups of women and is found in Maputo, the provinces of Cabo Delgado and Nampula and the Island of Mozambique. Of Arab origin, the dance is performed to celebrate Islamic festivals and holidays. The dance is traditionally performed by dancers moving just the top halves of their bodies and accompanied by songs and tambourine-like drums. Tufo songs are transmitted orally and may be composed by one of the dancer's or by the group's poet. They are usually in the Emakhuwa language but may also be in Arabic or Portuguese.The dancers must wear matching scarves and capulanas, which are a kind of sarong made from brightly coloured printed cloth. Each dance requires a new capulana to be worn.

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920.TURFING / USA

TURFING is an acronym for Taking Up Room on the Floor, is a dance style hailing directly from Oakland, California. It is much based on non-traditional ways of storytelling or representing a particular Turf or place which a particular performer seeks to represent. Turfing is very improvisational and free-form, having dance moves that come from different traditions in order to fully express or narrate a particular life story.

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921.Turkish Roman Dance / Turkey

Turkish Roman Dance is a type of mainly Turkish folkloric dance,with the main base and elements of Byzantine music.

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922.Tutting / Global

Tutting is a dances style inspired by the art of Ancient Egypt, that exploits the body's ability to create geometric positions (such as boxes) and movements, predominantly with the use of right angles. It generally focuses on the arms and hands, and includes sub-styles such as finger-tutting.

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923. TUVALU DANCE / Tuvalu

TUVALU DANCE called FATELE is a dance performed to a tradtional dance song of Tuvalu, a Polynesian island country located in the Pacific Ocean. Dancing songs are the most common type of traditional Tuvaluan song, with other tradition dance styles including „fakanau” and „fakaseasea”. It is performed at community events and to celebrate leaders and other prominent individuals, who came and visit Tuvalu.

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924.TwerkING / Global

TwerkING is a type of dance originating as part of the bounce music scene of New Orleans in the late 1980s. Performed individually, chiefly but not exclusively by women, dancers move in a sexually provocative manner throwing or thrusting their hips back or shaking their buttocks, often in a low squatting stance. Twerking is part of a larger set of characteristic moves unique to the New Orleans style of hip-hop known as “Bounce". Moves include "mixing", "exercising", the "bend over", the "shoulder hustle", "clapping", "buttcheeks clapping", and "the wild wood"—all recognised as "booty shaking" or “bounce”.

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925.Twin-Style / Global

Twin-Style is a dance style performed by professionally known as Les Twins, identical twin brothers Laurent Nicolas and Larry Nicolas Bourgeois, French dancers and choreographers that are often referred to by their respective nicknames, "Lil Beast" and "Ca Blaze”. They are recognized internationally for their talents in new style hip-hop dancing, which is a commercial form of hip hop with a strong emphasis on isolations and musicality. However, the twins are known for having created a unique style from this dance, which they refer to as "Twins-Style" in which they form a perfect symbiosis. They look totally disjointed with their very jerky movements, although at the same time displaying an amazing fluidity. They undulate, bend and twist, impossible to assess where their center of gravity lies: both phenomenal and unreal.

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926.Twist / Global

Twist is a dance inspired by rock and roll music. From 1959 to the early sixties it became the first worldwide dance craze, enjoying immense popularity among all people and drawing fire from critics who felt it was too provocative. It is performed by standing with the feet approximately shoulder width apart. The torso may be squared to the knees and hips, or turned at an angle so one foot is farther forward. The arms are held out from the body, bent at the elbow. The hips, torso, and legs rotate on the balls of the feet as a single unit, with the arms staying more or less stationary. The feet grind back and forth on the floor, and the dance can be varied in speed, intensity, and vertical height as necessary.