694.Raas Leela / India
Raas Leela is part of the traditional story of Krishna described in Hindu scriptures such as the Bhagavata Gita and literature such as the Gita Govinda, where he dances with Radha and her sakhis (friends). The term “rasa” meaning "aesthetics" and “leela” meaning "act," "play" or “dance”. It is a concept from Hinduism, which roughly translates to "play (lila) of aesthetics (rasa)," or more broadly as "Dance of Divine Love”. It is the divine and devotional dance done by Lord Krishna with Radha Rani and all Gopi of Virndavan on a full moon day which is known as Sharad Purnima. It is also a popular ream in kathak dance.
695.RAJDHAR / Guyana
RAJDHAR is a style developed in Guyana incorporating Kathak, nagara, and bhojpuri style to Tan Sangeet music. With intricate foot works, story telling, and subtle hip movements are the essence for this dying art form.
696.Ram Muay / Thailand
Ram Muay is the ritualised dance that takes place before Southeast Asian kickboxing matches such as muay Thai.
697.Ramwong / Thailand
Ramwong is a partner folk-dance from Thailand, also performed in Cambodia and Laos. It is a slow round dance continuously moving in a circular manner. It incorporates graceful hand movements and simple footwork. Both men and women participate in the same circle. The basic pattern involves two couples folding their palms, with their fingers at right angles to their wrists, and bringing the hands up from behind the body to in front of the face, straightening and bending the fingers in time to the music throughout. Hands move in opposite directions and legs move to the rhythm and in the opposite direction of the partner. Dancers continue around in a circle, keeping in time with the beat of the drum. There is often a decorated pole or a vase of flowers used to mark the center of the circle.
698.Rathwa ni Gher / India
Rathwa ni Gher is a dance performed on the occasion of Holi (festival of colours) by the Rathwas, who dwell in Rath-Vistar, the hilly area of the southeastern part of Gujarat state in India. The Gher (dance with music) performances begin on Dhulendi, which is “the day of flying coloured dust”. This is the day when people smear each other with colour powder. The festivities last for five days during which the Rathwas fast and abstain from sleeping, doing laundry and bathing. Both men and women perform Rathwa ni Gher together, in groups of 20 to 25 dancer.
699.Raut Nacha / India
Raut Nacha is a dance performed by Yadava / Yaduvanshis, a caste which considers themselves to be descendants of Lord Krishna. For them the dances are a symbol of Krishna worshiping. It is performed at the time of Dev Udhni Ekadashi. It is believed that this is the time of awakening of Gods after a brief resting period according to the Hindu calendar. The dance has a close resemblance to Krishna's dance or raas leela.
700.RAVE / ACID HOUSE / England / Global
RAVE called also ACID HOUSE is a set of dances developed in the late 1980s and early 1990s, when news media and tabloids devoted an increasing amount of coverage to the hedonistic acid house/rave scene, focusing on its association with psychedelic drugs and club drugs. After the emergence of the Acid House parties in the late 1980s up to 4,000 people were known to attend a rave. These events happened almost every weekend. Raving in itself became a symbol of free dance, whereby the movements have not been predefined and the dance has been performed randomly. Rave dancers take immediate inspiration from the music, their mood and watching other people dancing.
701.Razha / Oman
Razha is a traditional dance from Oman. Dances in Oman vary from region to region, as despite being in the Arabic Peninsula, influences come from Indian and African cultures. Razha is a dance often performed at a horse or camel races where men gather in semicircle and at the middle there’s a drummer setting the rhythm of an old war dance.
702.REAK / Indonesia
REAK is a trance dance and music combo found across Java and even Bali. The name may be linked to reog (either the reog trance dance popular in East Java or the reog Sundanese comedy format which also uses dogdog), but it's also said by village elders to have roots in the Sundanese word “ngareah-reah”, meaning “to enliven.” The format is at its core the same as its more famous Javanese dances: young men enter into a trance to the sounds of intense, repetitive music, their bodies possessed by the spirits of ancestors and animals. Some ride horses called kuda lumping (literally “leather horse”), while others flail about or prove their altered state by eating glass, getting whipped, or having roof tiles smashed on their heads.
703.Rebita / Angola
Rebita is a traditional music and dance that originated in Angola while it was a Portuguese colony. It is a genre of music and dance. Couples move coordinated by the head of the wheel, performing gestures and the compass step Massemba.
704.Red River Jig / Canada
Red River Jig is a traditional dance of the Canadian Métis. The origins of the dance lie in the traditional dances of the First Nations, French, English, Scots, and Orcadian peoples from whom the Métis Nation was born. The name refers to the Red River of the North which forms the border between North Dakota and Minnesota (USA) flowing northward through Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada to Hudson's Bay. In 2012, a Métis Jig dance crew named Sagkeeng's Finest won first prize on the only season of Canada's Got Talent.
705.Reel / Scotland
Reel is a folk dance type as well as the accompanying dance tune type. The earliest reference was in a witchcraft trial of 1590, where the accused was reported to have danced reels. However, the form may go back to the Middle Ages. In Scottish country dancing, the reel is one of the four traditional dances, the others being the jig, the strathspey and the waltz, and is also the name of a dance figure.
706.Regency Dance / England
Regency Dance is the term for historical dances of the period ranging roughly from 1790 to 1825. Most popular exposure to this era of dance comes in the works of Jane Austen. Balls occur in her novels and are discussed in her letters, but specifics are few. Films based on her works tend to incorporate modern revival English Country Dance; however, they rarely incorporate dances actually of the period and do them without the appropriate footwork and social style which make them accurate to the period.
707.Reggada / Morocco
Reggada is an old traditional warrior dance from the Eastern Rif Mountains and North-Eastern parts of Morocco. The warriors used to perform this dance as a sign of victory over the enemy, hence the use of the rifles - that are replaced by sticks nowadays. The incessant strikes of the feet on the ground symbolise the belonging to the land. The dancers form a row, side by side and dance to the rhythm of the bendir. They also happen to form a circle between them, and go back and forth.
708.Reggae / Jamaica / Global
Reggae is a music genre and a dance style born in Jamaica, with origins in ska and rocksteady music. Its characterised for being accented in the off beat which is an important part of the dances performed. Stylistically, reggae incorporates some of the musical elements of rhythm and blues, jazz, mento. calypso, and also draws influence from traditional African folk rhythms. One of the most easily recognisable elements is offbeat rhythms; staccato chords played by a guitar or piano (or both) on the offbeats of the measure. The tempo of reggae is usually slower paced than ska but faster than rocksteady. The concept of call and response can be found throughout reggae music and dance.
709.REGGAETON / Global
REGGAETON called also is a dance associated with reggaeton which emerged during the early 1990s in Puerto Rico. It is influenced by hip hop and Latin American and Caribbean music. Vocals include rapping and singing, typically in Spanish. It focuses on grinding, with one partner facing the back of the other (usually male behind female). Another way of describing this dance is "back-to-front", where the woman presses her rear into the pelvis of her partner to create sexual stimulation. Since traditional couple dancing is face-to-face (such as square dancing and the waltz), reggaeton dancing initially shocked observers with its sensuality but was featured in several music videos. It is known as daggering, grinding or juking in the US.
710.REINLENDER / Norway
REINLENDER is a Norwegian form of the schottische dance.
711.Religious Dance / Global
Religious Dance is a dance which is part of religious celebrations or rituals. Dance is present in mythology and religion globally, and it has certainly been an important part of ceremony, rituals, celebrations and entertainment since before the birth of the earliest human civilisations. Archeology delivers traces of dance from prehistoric times such as the 5,000-year-old Bhimbetka rock shelters paintings in India and Egyptian tomb paintings depicting dancing figures from c. 3300 BC. One of the earliest structured uses of dances may have been in the performance and in the telling of myths. It was also sometimes used to show feelings for one of the opposite gender. It is also linked to the origin of "love making." Before the production of written languages, dance was one of the methods of passing these stories down from generation to generation.
712.ReQuest / New Zealand
ReQuest is a name for all-female hip-hop dance crew from Auckland, New Zealand, formed in 2007, with originally five members. They are based out of The Palace Dance Studio in Penrose and Hamilton, and are one of 6 crews from The Palace, alongside the Royal Family (MegaCrew), Royal Family Varsity (Varsity MegaCrew), Kingsmen (Adults), Sorority (Varsity), and Bubblegum (Junior). The crazy-good dance crew, which has been at the top of the competitive hip-hop scene for what feels like a century, moves as if it is a set to a perfectly eclectic mix of current bangers by the likes of Cardi B and Kendrick Lamar and early-2000s throwbacks. And as always with the Family, every step of the fabulous choreography is impossibly, jaw-droopingly clean.
713.Rieldans / South Africa
Rieldans is a dance of the Khoisan hunters, with distinct Irish and Scottish folk music influences, all performed to the beat of "boeremusiek", Dutch folk songs and minstrel songs of the south of America. It is the oldest entertainment form used as a social, cultural and educational tool by the Khoisan, long before Western cultures and traditions arrived at the Cape of Good Hope. It became the dance of the working classes between the 1940s and 1950s and was danced, especially in the Northern Cape and Karoo. It was danced around the campfire after hunting expeditions, good harvests or during celebrations. Later it became the dance of farmworkers and sheep shearers, whose daily activities are often portrayed during dancing. It became popular again in recent years as a true celebration of ancient traditions that finds new expression in contemporary forms.
714.RIGAUDON / France
RIGAUDON is a French baroque dance born in the south of France, in Provence. It has a lively duple metre and music similar to that of a bourrée, but the rigaudon is rhythmically simpler with regular phrases. It became popular as a court dance during the reign of Louis XIV (Little 2001). It is hopping steps were adopted by the skilful dancers of the French and English courts, where it remained fashionable through the 18th century. By the close of the 18th century, however, it had given way in popularity as a ballroom dance. Back in the days, it was also very famous in Quebec. At the end of the 19th century rigaudon became outdated and old fashioned.
715.Rigsar / Bhutan
Rigsar is a music genre, dominant popular music and dance in contemporary Bhutan. A common feature of Bhutanese television and film, the Rigsar dances are a fast version of traditional dance, in a fusion style that draws from India and Nepalese moves.
716.Ritual Dance / Global
Ritual Dance is performed in religious or shamanic rituals, for example in rain dance performed in times of drought. Shamans dancing for rain is mentioned in ancient Chinese texts. Dance is an important aspect of some religious rites in ancient Egypt, similarly dance is also integral to many ceremonies and rites among African people Ritual dance may also be performed in temples and during religious festivals, for example the Rasa ritual dances of India (a number of Indian classical dances may have their origin in ritual dances), and the Cham dances of Tibet.
717.RITUALISTIC DANCE / Egypt
RITUALISTIC DANCE from Egypt is a dance no necessarily religious, but mostly with religious aspect, however it can be also related to specific customs and norms of specific social groups and the way in which they mourn death or celebrate weddings , etc.
718.Robam Kngaok Pailin / Cambodia
Robam Kngaok Pailin is a dance portraying the Kula people in Pailin, west region of Cambodia. It relates to a Pailinian legend about a magic peacock who goes to preach to the King. The lively dance is about commemorating this peacock which is a symbol of happiness. The dance is said to bring happiness and prosperity to villagers, and is often performed during the New Year and ritual ceremonies in times of drought to pray for rain.
719.Robam Kom Araek / Cambodia
Robam Kom Araek is a dance from Cambodia mainly used two or three bamboo pole which hitting every second. It is reported that the dance came from Kuy people but it is more believed that the birthplace is Philippines during the reign of King Norodom (1834-1904) when he was traveling in Philippines.
720.Robam Neary CheA Chuor / Cambodia
Robam Neary CheA Chuor is a traditional Khmer dance of young Cambodian women wearing colourful and elegant costumes. The dance reminds the Khmer people of the rich culture that has been nourished through generations, and it is well known among the neighboring countries of South-East Asia.
721.Robam Trot / Cambodia
Robam Trot is a popular Khmer folk dance presently performed during the Khmer New Year. If the Chinese have Dragon Dance, Cambodian has Robam Trot to ward off bad luck from the previous year and celebrate the coming of the New Year. The term Trot come from Sanskrit, which means "to end", as the case, ending the previous year. It represents a tale of a hunter and a deer who spread several danger between giant to ogress and peacock. It is performed to ward off evil and bad luck.
722.ROBOTBOYS DANCE / Denmark
ROBOTBOYS DANCE was invented by Nick Nitro and Jeppe Long who met around 2004 when they were both very young. Working together in combination with various other dancers in groups like Natural Effects and Big City Brains, Nick and Jeppe found out they shared the same dream of combining old classic mime techniques and commedia del arte with impressions from movies, video games, cartoons and all the other stuff from the international entertainment industry they share with all the other members of the first computer-generation.
723.ROBOT DANCE / Global
ROBOT DANCE called also ROBOT AND MANNEQUIN is an illusionary street dance style - often confused with popping - that attempts to imitate a dancing robot or mannequin. Roboting gained fame after Michael Jackson used the dance when he performed "Dancing Machine" with his brothers, and later performed the dance during his solo career in songs such as "Smooth Criminal”. It was created in 1967. Despite the dance's appearance in the 1960s, the robot goes back to the 20s, when it was used theatrically in miming. Movements of the robot are usually started and finished with a very abrupt stop, to give the impression of motors starting and stopping, but poppers have also been known to do the robot with a pop to the beat. As long as the illusion of being a robot is maintained, it is considered the robot.
724.ROCKABILLY / Global
ROCKABILLY is a dance based on Rock’n’rRoll. It was born when Elvis Presley became famous during the 50’s. Ten years later Rockabilly dance moved into a new set of dance trends. It is practices globally.
725.ROCK ’N’ ROLL / USA
ROCK ’N’ ROLL is an acrobatic dance, a very athletic, competitive form of partner dance that originated from Lindy Hop. It is a choreographed dance designed for performance, danced by both couples and groups, either all-female or four to eight couples together. It is a very fast and physically demanding dance. The most obvious feature are the kicks and other acrobatic elements like lifts, jumps, throws and flips. Today’s rock ’n’ roll is a show and competition dance. It is danced in pairs or in formation and can even be danced with one male and two females simultaneously which is called “triples”. Over the years rock and roll dancing has experienced several important changes: the former 6-basic step was converted into the modern tournament’s 9-basic step.
726.Rodat / Malaysia
Rodat is a Malay folk dance believed to have originated from the Middle East and brought to Terengganu by the Achehnese traders in the beginning of 19th century. Until the 1900s, it was performed in all males groups with the original style of singing Zikir with rebana accompaniment to celebrate Muhammad’s birthday and Malay weddings. By 1930, the dancing was included, performed by transvestite dancers which were later replaced by the women dancers after World War II. With the addition of dancing and singing of popular Malay and Hindustani tunes and female dancers, it became popular at secular events such as the harvest celebration or Malaysian National Day. Performance involves singing of 8 to 12 verses from the Kitab Zikir, in responsorial style between the male and female groups and it is accompanied by the rhythmic patterns of the Rebana drum.
727.Rokba / Morocco
Rokba is an old folk dance originated from Wahat Zagoura in the south of Morocco. It refers to a lyrical genre sung at weddings and local festivals. The expression of these poems is based on dance just as much as singing.
728.Rota, meitiņ, uguņa plostu / Latvia
Rota, meitiņ, uguņa plostu (“Decorate, daughter, the flame ramp “) is ornamental dance from Latvia for the middle-aged dance groups. The dance choreographed vocabulary is designed in accordance with the Latvian folk music. It uses the basic dance moves of the Latvian dance and some original step combinations.
729.Rotterdam street parade DanceS / The Netherlands
Rotterdam street parade DanceS are performed by more than 2.500 dancers, 25 carnival groups and 30 floats mashing up the streets of Rotterdam on 28th of July, at the Summer Carnival street parade. They unleash a huge wave of energy and explosion of colour, joy, music and creativity in a parade of spectacular floats. Rotterdam Street Parade has only one mission - make everyone dance! The Summer Carnival street parade is the largest Caribbean street party in the Netherlands.
730.Rouf / India
Rouf is a folk dance usually performed by women during spring time in Jammu and Kashmir, India. The dancers split themselves into two rows facing each other and put their arms around the shoulder of the dancers next to them. The dance is inclusive of simple footwork. Chakri, a pleasant song based on mystical poetry, is sung while performance. Rouf is also performed on different festive occasions such as Id-ul-Fitar.
732.Rueda de Casino / Cuba
Rueda de Casino is a particular type of Salsa round dance, born from Casino. The origins of the name Casino are the casinos deportivos, the dance halls where a lot of social dancing was done among the affluent, white Cubans during the mid-20th century and onward. Casino danced with multiple partners in a circular fashion emerged in 1956 under the name "Rueda del Casino," and has become a popular dance throughout the world. Pairs of dancers form a circle, with dance moves called out by one person, a caller. Many moves have hand signs to complement the calls, useful in noisy venues. Most moves involve the swapping of partners, where the partners move around the circle to the next partner. The combination of elaborate dance combinations and constant movement of partners create a visually spectacular effect.
733.Rugova / Kosovo / Albania / Montenegro
Rugova called also The Warrior dance of Rugovo is a traditional sword dance named after the Rugova Canyon in Kosovo. There are two male dancers who fight a mock battle for the hand of a girl (a "maiden's dance”). It was made internationally famous by the Kosovo Albanian Rugova clans. It has been unreliably claimed that the dance was a historical "warrior training of the guard of the Monastery of Peć”. The dance is also found in mountainous Montenegro, where a tribe of shepherds settled in the 18th century. It was part of Yugoslav folk dancing ensemble, and in 1982, it was noted that the Rugova dance has gained wide popularity.
734.RUMBA / Cuba
RUMBA, traditionally performed by poor workers of African descent in streets, it remains one of Cuba's most characteristic dance. Vocal improvisation, elaborate dancing and polyrhythmic drumming are the key components of all rumba styles. It is one of the most erotic and sensual of all the Latin dance styles due to its slow rhythms and hip movements that create intense bodily expressions. Ballroom Rumba is split in to two main styles, American and International. The main difference is that American-style Ballroom Rumba focuses on the Cuban motion, which requires the bending and straightening of the knee in order to achieve the desired hip-swaying movement. On the other hand, International-style Ballroom Rumba utilises the Latin motion, which requires the dancer to step on to a straight leg, and does not include the bending of the knee.
735.Rumba FlamencA / Spain
Rumba FlamencA is a dance originated from flamenco and Cuban rumba, the dance highly improvised with prominent hip and shoulder movements, more overtly sexual than other styles of flamenco dances. Voices are usually male and female with instrumental performances. Originally, "rumba" was used as a synonym for "party" in northern Cuba, and by the late 19th century it was used to denote the complex of secular music styles known as Cuban rumba. In Spain, the term rumba was introduced in the early 20th century as rumba flamenca. In the late 1950s, popular artists developed an uptempo style that combined elements from rumba flamenca, Spanish gypsy music and pop. This became known as rumba catalana. Its main instruments are guitar, flamenco clapping and castanets. In the 1980s, the style gained international popularity thanks to French ensemble Gipsy Kings.
736.Runyege / Uganda
Runyege is a dance performed by the Batooro people from western Uganda. The dance is both ceremonial and cultural, and it is mainly performed by the youth from this tribe when its time to choose their partners.
737.Russian folk dance / Russia
Russian folk dance has been an important part of Russian culture and it has its origins in various groups, including those with Slavonian and Tatar origins. Some of the first Russian folk dances appeared around the 10th century when the Slavic tribes moved into Russia. With Russia witnessing various invasions, in turn cultural mix of dances helped to develop Russian folk dance styles. Many of these early dances were performed and practiced by the lower classes. Typically the upper classes would watch performers rather than participate in the dances themselves. Women dancers used to wear holiday headdresses, embroidered shirts, belts, and ornamented aprons, while men wore shirts, a belt, narrow pants, and high boots. Red colour was incorporated into many costumes because in the Russian tradition it is associated with beauty.
738.RUSSIAN QUEER DANCE / Russia
RUSSIAN QUEER DANCE is a dance video recorded by young cadets from aviation school from the city of Ulianovsk in Russia in 2018, who made a tribute video for Benny Benassis’ “Satisfaction”. They dressed queer and did a funny homoerotic dance. With homophobic Russian government, it led to a real scandal around them with even a state procurator being involved, accusing them of offending morality and with the head of their school wanting to dismiss them. To support them and to show solidarity many other students and all different professional and age groups from different Russian cities, such as nurses or even pensioners made their own version of the video to protest against the government. The videos went viral.
739.Rwenzori / Uganda
Rwenzori is a traditional dance by people from Rwenzori Mountains in the Western part of Uganda.