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668.Padayani / India

Padayani, also called Padeni, (from the Malayalam word for military formations) is a traditional folk dance and a ritual art from the central regions of the Indian state of Kerala. A ceremonial dance involving masks, it is an ancient ritual performed in Bhagavati temples. The dance is performed in honour of Bhadrakali, the goddess of destruction. Meaning, a “row of warriors”, Padayani is an art form that blends music, dance, theatre, satire, facial masks, and paintings. It is a part of worship of Bhadrakali and it is staged in temples dedicated to the goddess from mid-December to mid-May. Padayani is regarded as a remnant of the Dravidian forms of worship that existed before the advent of Brahmanism. The percussion instruments used in Padayani are patayani thappu, chenda, para and kumbham.

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669.Pajaro Bell / Paraguay

Pajaro Bell is a dance inspired by the song of a bird that bears the same name "bell bird”. The steps and movements are inspired by the movements of this bird that is to be seen in the forests of the eastern region of Paragua, in the departments of Amambay, Canindeyú and Alto Paraná. Women wear white, the predominant colours of the bird, with a lace in the colour of the Paraguayan flag. Men dress also in white, with a belt with the colours of Paraguay and a straw hat.

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670.Palo de mayo / Nicaragua / Honduras / Panama

Palo de mayo is a type of Afro-Caribbean dance with sensual movements that forms part of the culture of several communities in the RAAS region in Nicaragua, as well as Belize, the Bay Islands of Honduras and Bocas del Toro in Panama. It is also the name given to the month-long May Day festival celebrated on the Caribbean coast. Both the festival and dance are an Afro-Nicaraguan tradition which originated in Bluefields, Nicaragua in the 17th century

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671.Palomita / Paraguay

Palomita is the most popular Paraguayan traditional dance in Paraguay. It has been inspired by a love scene between two doves. Origin of this dance is not known, yet it is supposed that the natives of the time have imitated the love scene between these birds and in this way they have created the peculiar choreography. The man plays the role of a pigeon, trying to pursuit the woman in the role of the pigeon. He flirts and finally gets caught.

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672.Paneurhythmy / Bulgaria

Paneurhythmy is a system of gymnastic exercises performed to music, practiced by the White Brotherhood - the followers of Peter Deunov in Bulgaria. It can include an unlimited number of participants and is played in a circle, as the dancers walk in the counterclockwise direction. It is performed annually from March 22 to September 22 (from the spring day to the autumnal equinox) early in the morning (sunrise) in the open air, in the nature. It lasts about 1 hour. The musicians are at the center of the circle. The purpose of the dance is to achieve harmony with nature, God and the universe. Paneurhythmy consists of thirty rhythmic musical exercises. According to some they can be divided into three parts: paneurhythmic cycle of 28 exercises; the "Solar rays" cycle; cycle “Pentagram".

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673.Pangalay / Philippines

Pangalay is a traditional fingernail dance of the southern Sulu people closely connected to Indian, Cambodian, and Thai traditional forms of dance. Hip and torso movements are kept at a minimum in favour of complex arm, hand, and finger movements and positions. Usually dancers wear claw-like finger extensions to emphasise their gestures.

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674.PANTHER DANCE / Ivory Coast

PANTHER DANCE is a famous dance performed by the Senoufo people from Ivory Coast. It is performed by the men of the tribe upon the return of the young initiates after a period of isolation.

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675.Pantsula / South Africa

Pantsula is a South African dance emerged in the 1950s and 1960s in two townships around Johannesburg, as groups of older men engaged in informal street dance competitions. It was a response to the forced removals implemented by the Apartheid government. Gradually it spread throughout South Africa. By the 1980s, it was practiced by black South Africans of all ages, no longer limited to men and began to develop as an expression of resistance during the political struggle, as well as spreading awareness about social issues such as AIDS. Later it persisted as an expression of cultural roots for many black South Africans. It also gained popularity in the white community and began to take on new meanings. It is a syncopated, quick-stepping, low to the ground form of dance performed by groups, which evokes the urban street culture.

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676.Paosa Jagoi / India

Paosa Jagoi dance hails from Manipur, a small state tucked in the Northeastern corner of India enclosed by hills on all sides. Paosa Jagoi means conversation. This traditional form of dance depicts the conversation between Nongpok Panthoibi and Nongpok Ningthou and the merry making that happened when they met.

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677.Papaya Dance - Philippines

Papaya Dance is unique dance, based on a 1970s song by Polish singer Urszula Dudziak, that gained a cult following after being featured on a popular Filipino game show. The dance moves soon spread worldwide as “the new Macarena” and the kitschy dance phenomenon was broadcast to the US on MSNBC and ABC's Good Morning America.

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678.PAQUITO / France

PAQUITO is dance performed during the Pena Baiona, a song which is sung during Bayonne festival (Pays Basque). While singing, a bunch of people is forming a line siting on the ground and moving their arms. Sometimes people are jumping over them.

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679.Parai Attam / India

Parai Attam is a special type of dance from Tamil Nadu, India in which folks beat Parai (drum) and dance to its rhythm. This is one of the oldest traditional dances. In olden days, parai was used for multiple reasons, ranging from warning people about the upcoming war, requesting civilians to leave the battlefield, announcing victory or defeat, stopping the breach of a water body, gathering farmers for farming activities, warning wild animals about people's presence, during festivals, wedding, celebrations, worship of nature, etc. Parai Attam has been an instrumental part of all celebrations in Tamil culture.

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780.Para Para / Japan

Para Para is a synchronised Japanese dance with specific synchronised movements for each song much like line dancing. It is said to have existed since the early 1980s when Europeans started selling Italo disco and Euro beats. It consists of mostly upper body movements in synchronisation with a four-on-the-floor rhythm. Choreographed motions with arms and hands, while stepping to the right and left, show similarities with traditional festival dances such as Bon Odori or cheering squads “Ōendan”. There is very little lower body movement, with the exception of moving one's hips, stepping in place, and jumping or hopping. Routines are choreographed by groups affiliated with popular Japanese clubs. “Paralists" - fans of Para Para come from Japan, Chile, Brazil, Spain, The United States, Canada, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Finland, and several other countries.

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681.Parasol Dance / Japan

Parasol Dance is an example of a simple Japanese dance that uses an umbrella. The dance is suited for girls making use of shuffling steps that is basic to a typical Japanese. Parasol Dance is from Kabuki. The song played during the dance is called Mikado. Costumes worn include brightly coloured Kimono, a parasol (umbrella), and Japanese wooden shoes that are similar to clogs. Counting used in the dance: one, two, three, four, one measure. Basic step used is a shuffling step. Dance is performed in groups of four facing the audience. The open parasol is held with two hands over the head, the hands holding the handle at chest level and standing about four feet away from each other.

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682.Patola / papua new guinea

Patola is a viral dance that has taken Papua new guinea by storm in the summer of 2018. Heavily inspired by American twerking, Patola involves rhythmic hip thrusts and butt-shaking usually in a squatted position. “Patola” is an abbreviation of Pantat Bola, meaning literally “Ball Ass”, referring to the dancer showing off buttocks as large and round as football. Though the dance is a distinctively Papuan phenomenon, conservative Papuans refuse to accept it as Papuan culture and instead dismiss it as vile sexually explicit Western influence.

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683.Pendozali / Greece

Pendozali or Pentozales is perhaps the trademark folk dance of the island Crete, performed all over the island. It is especially lively and rapid, especially at the end. The basic steps are five in number (hence its name in part - “pente” = 5, “zales” from the word “to jump”); based on a rhythm with 8 beats to it. It is danced with arms on the neighbour’s shoulders, in a near circle.

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684.Pequén / Chile

Pequén is a Chilean folkloric dance of popular roots, danced in different ways, according to its region of origin. There are two versions of the dance: Pequén Gañan, originally from Chiloé, and Pequén Campesino, danced in the central area. It is classified among the “zoomorphic dances", because its movement imitate an animal, in this case a little bird.

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685.PERESTROIKA DANCES / Russia

PERESTROIKA DANCES are the style of dances that developed and spread around Russia from 90s after the collapse of Soviet Union. Everything was new for people - music, style, bars, dancing… There were a lot of new crazy artists, club promoters, new ways of dancing, new magazines for alternative youth such as “Ptuch” and “Om”.

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686.Perinița / Romania

Perinița is a wedding party folk dance, typical of and deriving from Romania, Muntenia region. The dancers form a circle with a person holding a handkerchief or pillow dances inside the circle, then chooses a person of an opposite sex by placing the handkerchief around his/her neck. They kiss on the cheek, the first person goes into the circle, while the second one repeats the same. The name of the dance comes from the pillow (sometimes handkerchief) on which a young man places his knee when kneeling before a girl he chooses. The Romanian word for pillow is “pernă”, so the dance is called Pernița.

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687.Persian Classical danceS / Iran

Persian Classical dance is a group of dances coming from Iran or having Persian background. Persian classical dances have not been organised and codified. Thus each dancer creates her own style and improvises within a recognisably Persian framework of movements. Solo dances, improvisational, they often utilise delicate, graceful movements of the hands and arms with animated facial expressions. They include movements derived from a combination of middle-eastern dance, folklore and dances of the Qajar era.

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688.PHILLY CLUB / USA

PHILLY CLUB is a dance performed to a type of PHILLY club music, which is house music that ranges from 130 to 140 bpm, greatly influenced by Baltimore Club music as well as the offspring Jersey Club Music. Philly Club music does not only consist of remixes of all genres of music, but from any source that can make a sound; commercials, movies, acts of nature, etc.

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689.PIZZICA / Italy

PIZZICA is a traditional dance (in 2/4 time) of simple structure from the Apulia region.

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690.POGO / Global

POGO is a dance in which the dancers jump up and down, while either remaining on the spot or moving around. The dance takes its name from its resemblance to the use of a pogo stick, especially in a common version of the dance, where an individual keeps their torso stiff, their arms rigid, and their legs close together. Occasionally, dancers collide, but it is not a necessary part of pogo dancing. An uninformed bystander might get the impression that the dancers are attacking one another. People sometimes get injured when pogoing, but, more often than not, pogoers who fall to the ground are helped up instead of getting trampled. There is a general understanding that the pogoing is fun, not a fight. Pogo is most associated with punk rock and is a precursor to more violent moshing and slamdancing.

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691.Poi / New Zealand

POI refers to both a style of performing art and the equipment used for engaging in Poi performance. As a performance art, Poi involves swinging tethered weights through a variety of rhythmical and geometric patterns. Poi artists may also sing or dance while swinging their Poi. Poi can be made from various materials with different handles, weights, and effects (such as fire). It originated with the Māori people of New Zealand, where it is still practiced today. Originally warriors used Poi to improve the dexterity of their wrists. The movements are circular and central to the use of all weaponry. Today it is mostly women who dance with Poi. They swing them to depict the story of a song through hitting techniques and flowing movements. A Poi performer should show skill of movement that radiates naturally from the body.

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692.Pokot / Kenya / Uganda

Pokot is a traditional dance from Uganda and Kenya.

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693.Polca / Paraguay

Polca is a genre of popular folk music, which is played instrumentally or sung. It is very different from the traditional polka, mainly because the Paraguayan version combines ternary and binary rhythms, whereas the European only uses binary. It is danced in pairs by linking arms. The pairs can unlock momentarily during the dance and make figures. Paraguayan Polca is danced in ballrooms and on the village dance floors, or under the shades of the houses, in the country more there than in the cities. There are several ways of dancing the Paraguayan Polca. The variations are in the form or style in the choreography or figures in which it is used in the dance.

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694.Pole dance / Global

Pole dance combines dance and acrobatics centred on a vertical pole. This performance art form takes place not only in gentleman's clubs as erotic dance, but has also recently gained popularity as a mainstream form of fitness, practiced by many enthusiasts in gyms and in dedicated dance studios. Amateur and professional pole dancing competitions are held in countries around the world. It requires significant muscular endurance and coordination as well as sensuality, in exotic dancing. It is regarded as a form of exercise, which can be used as both an aerobic and anaerobic workout. Recognised schools and qualifications are now commonplace.

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695.POLICE DANCE / Global

POLICE DANCE is a dance performed by policemen. Videos with police dance are popular all around the globe and they reflect local culture as well as dance trends of given times. For example in Estonia during the event of the 100th anniversary of the Republic of Estonia, the School Dance, together with the ERR and the Estonian Dance Agency, invites everyone to participate in the dance contest Eesti Dancing. The challenge was also received by Tammsaare Police and Border Protection Service, in cooperation with the Western Harju Police Station and they performed a dance together taking part in this social dancing.

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696.Polka / Global

Polka is originally a Czech dance familiar throughout Europe and the Americas. Originated in the middle of the 19th century in Bohemia, now part of the Czech Republic, it remains a popular folk dance in many European countries, and it is performed also in Poland, Germany, Austria, Slovenia, Switzerland, Finland and to a lesser extent in Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Hungary, Italy, Ukraine, Romania, Belarus, Russia, and Slovakia. Local varieties of this dance are also found in the Nordic countries, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Latin America and the United States. It is a fast dance. Its basic step consists of a preparatory hop followed by a chasse done first to the left and then to the right. It is danced to music written in 2/4 time with the first beat more heavily accented.

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697.POLKA CHINATA / Italy

POLKA CHINATA called CROUCHED POLKA is a historical bolognese dance rigorously performed between men both for social reasons (insufficient women emancipation in the post-war period) and for acrobatic requirements. The origins of the dance bring us back to the 40s, during the post-war reconstruction, when under the Bologna's arcades, men exhibited themselves and competed among each other, accompanied only by the music of the accordion. With an intent to impress girls, men took advantage of their physical abilities to perform spectacular evolutions such as the famous "crouched whirl"! From this specific figure came the name of the dance.The CROUCHED POLKA is exclusive to the city of Bologna.

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698.Polka Norteña / Mexico

Polka Norteña is polka style dance coming from the north of the states of Coahuila, Nuevo León, Chihuahua and Tamaulipas in Mexico, danced accompanied by accordion and guitar. All social classes dance it, but the humble people, mainly from the countryside, are the one who gave life to it, since it was introduced to Mexico, during the colony times, with adapting as their own their music and steps. Polka dance has of Polish origin and it was brought to Mexico during the colony times. It is danced on all occasions.

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699.POLONEZ / Poland

POLONEZ is one of five National Polish Dances, one of the Poland's most widely recognised traditional dance. Likely once a warrior’s triumphal dance, it was adopted by the Polish nobility as a formal march in 1573. In the 19th century it became enormously popular throughout the european ballrooms, especially in France and in Russia. In its aristocratic form dancers, in couples according to their social positions, promenaded around a ballroom with gliding steps accented by bending the knees slightly on every third step. Music is in 3/4 time. As walking dance it is done by any number of couples of men and women, usually at a slow tempo. It was used as a musical form by prominent composers (Beethoven, Handel and Chopin). It is danced in Poland today as at student proms and at Polish official celebrations.

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700.PONRE / Burkina Faso / Ivory Coast

PONRE is a freestyle street dance from Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast

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701.POP DANCE / Global

POP DANCE is a dance style that originated in the early 1980s. It is generally a dance to the uptempo music intended for nightclubs with the intention of being danceable but also suitable for contemporary hit radio. Developing from a combination of dances to electronic dance music and pop music, with influences of disco, post-disco and synth-pop, generally characterised by strong beats with easy, uncomplicated song structures, which are more similar to pop music than the more free-form dance genre, with an emphasis on melody as well as catchy tunes. It borrowed influences from other genres, which varied by producer, artist and period.

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702.POPPING / USA

POPPING is a street dance and one of the original funk styles that came from Fresno, California during the late 1960s–1970s. It is based on the technique of quickly contracting and relaxing muscles to cause a jerk in the dancer’s body, referred to as a pop or a hit. This is done continuously to the rhythm of a song in combination with various movements and poses. Closely related illusory dance styles and techniques are often integrated into Popping to create a more varied performance. These dance styles include the Robot, Waving and Tutting. However, Popping is distinct from Breaking and Locking, with which it is often confused. Popping dancer is commonly referred to as a popper. As one of the earliest funk styles, Popping is closely related to Hiphop dancing and often performed in battles.

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703.Powolniak / Poland

Powolniak is the best known traditional dance from the Kurpie Zielone, an area in the north of the Mazovia region in Poland. It consists of two parts and it is performed by pairs in a fast tempo, with quick spinning demanding a lot of energy and control (despite the literary meaning of its name “powolniak” ­from the word “powolnie” - slowly, deliberately). The dance is characterised by polyrhythm, i.e., the performance of steps in the odd metre to the music in duple metre.

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704.Pride / Global

Pride began as a riot against the police and the state. Pride began as a radical reclaiming of identity against governments that did nothing to support LGBTQ folks. Riots, rallies, protests and disobedience are inherent to queer communities, including dance and costume, drag, community love as protest to a society that dare shame and belittle us. Dancing is a very important part of Pride parades.

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705.PROTEST DANCES / Egypt

PROTEST DANCES are dances that happened in the context of protests that has happened in Egypt, usually directly performed for political or social intervention.

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706.Psytrance / Global

Psytrance or psy is dance style performed to the subgenre of trance music characterized by arrangements of synthetic rhythms and layered melodies created by high tempo riffs. Psytrance lies at the hardcore, underground end of the diverse trance spectrum. The genre offers variety in terms of mood, tempo, and style. Some examples include full on, darkpsy, Hi-Tech, progressive, suomi, psy-chill, psycore, psybient, psybreaks, or "adapted" tracks from other music genres. Goa trance preceded Psytrance, when digital media became more commonly used Psytrance evolved. Goa continues to develop alongside the other genres. It is played and danced all around the world at special Psytrance events and festivals, like Ozora festival in Hungary.

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707.Puita / Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe

PUITA is a dance from Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, introduced by Angolan contract workers. It was once performed all night long by the workers and the Tongas on the plantations during a party in honour of a deceased person. The guests eat and drink before they dance to the sound of the percussion music. Puita is also the name of the large drum used for the dance. Since independence, many workers migrated to the capital, so the dance puita can be found in the neighbourhoods of São Tomé City.

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708.PULCINO PIO / Italy / Viral

PULCINO PIO is a dance to an Italian song with the same name released as a single in July 2012. The song is credited to the character Pulcino Pio and is actually interpreted by an actress Morgana Giovannetti. In 2012 summer it became a hit in Italy, staying at top for 8 consecutive weeks. It also became a hit in France, Spain, the Netherlands, and other European countries in their respective local language versions. The English version was released as "The Little Chick Cheep", the French version as "Le poussin Piou", the Spanish version "El Pollito Pío", the German version as "Das kleine Küken Piept", the Dutch version "Het kuikentje Piep”, etc.

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709.PUNK / Global

PUNK is a dance performed to the punk rock, a music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia. It can also be performed to dance-punk, another music genre that is closely associated with the post-punk and new wave movements.

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710.Punta / Honduras / Belize

Punta is a dance style from Honduras. The name refers to the tip of the toes because it is the most used part in the dance. The dances are still present in Honduras and Belize. It consists of shaking and bouncing and is similar to twerking.

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711.Punto panameño / Panama

Punto panameño is a folk dance and genre from Panama. It has hispanic ascendance as many other Central American folk dances. Is usually danced by only one couple at a time. Traditionally, one male and one female participant perform the dance. The dance begins with the male kneeling with his left knee on the floor. Once the music begins to play, he takes the hands of the female dancer, who circles around him to the beat of the music. The male and female back away from each other, often emoting longing and passion.

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712.Purun / Chile

Purun means dance in Mapudungun, the language of the Mapuche people, who live in the western coastal areas and valleys of Chile’s Araucanía Region. Men, women and children wear their best clothing in the dance ceremonies. Men wear traditional woollen makuñ (ponchos), pants, and white or blue shirts. Women wear black shawls and dresses, adorning their heads and clothes with silver jewellery and colourful ribbons and beads. In Purun dance, the main colours are black, white, blue, violet, yellow, and green—all considered to be positive shades that please the deities. The presence of the machi, the shamanness of the Mapuches, is fundamental in these ritual dances, as she is the sole intermediary between mortals and the spirit world. A special occasion for feasting and dancing is the New Year of the Mapuches, We Tripantu.