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498.Lab / Chad

Lab is an ancient dance of fertility, performed in times of drought to bring down the rain. It is nowadays essentially folkloric. This dance is a specialty for the Dembo township in Chad. The dancers have painted faces, two feathers in their hair, their bodies covered with oil, a loin cloth tied around their loins, and a ladle in their hands. They execute sudden movements of shoulders on jerky cadences.

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499.La baila de IBIo / Spain

La baila de IBIo is a traditional folklore dance from Cantabria region in Spain and one of the most popular manifestations of its culture. It is originated from the dance from Ruiloba. It has warrior origin and later it was modified by Matilde de la Torre, founder of the group Voces Cántabras, around the year 1931, and presented at the annual festival of the English Society of Folk Dances. Currently it is performed at many festivities in the region, and in particularly, during the celebration of the San Pantaleón festivities, on July 27th in Ibio.

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500.LA Bamba / Mexico / Latin America

LA Bamba is a popular song of Mexican origin that is well known across the Latin America. It is usually danced in family reunions.

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501.LACCIO D’AMORE / Italy

LACCIO D’AMORE is an ancient traditional Maypole-type dance from Penna Sant'Andrea in Abruzzi, usually performed by twelve couples. The dance has several parts beginning with men and women meeting and going in a procession with the pole, which is followed by a Saltarello-style dance by the couples and then a round dance where the men (unsuccessfully) court the women. A circle is then formed around the pole and the dancers take the coloured ribbons and dance a weaving figure. The ritual ends with a leave-taking dance. In the modern version, a polka precedes the weaving figure.

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502.Laho / India

Laho is a unique dance from the northeastern Indian state of Meghalaya, performed by the Pnar tribe. Men and women in their fine clothes get ready for the dance to celebrate Behdienkhlam for wellbeing and prosperity. A woman is flanked by a man on either side and they may link arms. The men put their hands on the waist of the woman and also hold her hands while the woman puts her hands on the men’s shoulders. A solo female dancer leads the groups and symbolises the chief priestess. She also represents the supreme mother in the matrilineal society of Jaintias. The trio symbolically represents religion, economy and society as well as structure of the society of Pnars. The rhythm and the tube created by a standup comedian reciting ribald poetry get the everyone dance.

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503.Lakhon / Thailand

Lakhon is a theatre in Thailand, that is composed of many different genres. There are three main categories: classical, folk, and modern. Many forms of theatre in Cambodia incorporates dance movement into performances and are referred to as dance dramas. Cambodian theatre was strongly influenced by the Siamese theatrical arts during the early 19 century. Lakhon features a wider range of stories than Khon, including folk tales and Jataka stories. Dancers are usually female and perform as a group rather than representing individual characters.

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504.Lambadi / India

Lambadi is a special kind of folk dance from Andhra Pradesh in India. It is mainly restricted to participation of tribal women who bedeck themselves in colourful costumes and jewellery. They dance in tune with the male drummers to offer homage to their Lord for a good harvest.

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505.Lam lao / Laos

Lam lao is a general descriptor for Lao folk music. It is also a name for a lao performance to Lam Lao music. The music that accompanies a lam lao performance may include various types of percussion, fiddles, lutes, xylophones or oboes. Lyrics are drawn from old poetry, classical stories or improvised according to the complicated tonal rhyming patterns of the verse, and they can range from topics as serious as religious sermons and Jataka tales to sometimes bawdy verses about love and sex. Performances are not necessarily theatrical. They present exchanges of witty repartées in alternating verses or songs between a male and a female who pretend to fall in love before departing, or between friends who try to outwit each other. The songs are interspersed with dance numbers, comedic routines, acting, and teasing between performers and the audience.

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506.Latvian folk DANCE / Latvia

Latvian folk DANCE has its origins in the traditions of the Baltic tribes that arrived in the Baltic region in approximately 2000 BC. Dances portray the day-to-day life of rural communities (sowing, harvesting, fishing) as well as specific events (courtship, marriage, birth) and reflect the surroundings important to Baltic culture (animals, birds, nature in general, the changes of the seasons). Over time, these folk dances were formalised into choreographed presentations based on traditional dance patterns. Dancers wear folk costumes made of wool and linen. The decorative elements incorporate the signs of ancient, pre-Christianity deities and the costumes are chosen to represent specific areas of Latvia where a dancer's family has its origins. Most dances are performed with a partner in four or more couple formations. Steps are based on variations of the polka and gallop.

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507.LA VALA / Italy

LA VALA is a dance of the Albanian ethnic group in Calabria done in a single circle with men and women holding hands, belts or a basket-weave hold; or there may be two circles, one of men and one of women. The dance is accompanied by songs of the Albanian national hero Scanderbeg.

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508.Lavani / India

Lavani is a combination of traditional song and dance from Maharashtra in India, which is particularly performed to the beats of Dholki, a percussion instrument. Lavani is noted for its powerful rhythm. It has contributed substantially to the development of Marathi folk theatre. It is performed by female performers wearing nine-yard long saris. The songs are sung in a quick tempo. Traditionally, this genre of folk dance deals with different and varied subject matters such as society, religion and politics. The songs in “Lavani" are mostly erotic in sentiment and the dialogues tend to be pungent in socio-political satire

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509.Ländler / Germany / Austria / Switzerland / Italy / Slovenia

Ländler called also Zillertaler is a folk dance in 4 time which was popular in Austria, south Germany, German Switzerland, and Slovenia at the end of the 18th century. It is a dance for couples which strongly features hopping and stamping. It was sometimes purely instrumental and sometimes had a vocal part, sometimes featuring yodelling. When dance halls became popular in Europe in the 19th century, it was made quicker and more elegant, and the men shed the hobnail boots which they wore to dance. Along with a number of other folk dances from Germany and Bohemia, it is thought to have contributed to the evolution of the waltz. The Broadway musical, later film, The Sound of Music, and the 2013 TV special, The Sound of Music Live!, features a scene where the protagonists Maria and Captain von Trapp dance a Ländler.

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510.Legényes / Hungary / Romania

Legényes is a men's solo dance done by Transylvanian people (both ethnic Hungarian and Romanian), roughly the region around Cluj. Although usually danced by young men, it can be also danced by older men. It is performed freestyle usually by one dancer at a time in front of the band. Women participate in the dance by standing in lines to the side and sing/shout verses while the men dance. Each lad does a number of points (dance phrases) typically 4 to 8 without repetition. Each point consists of 4 parts, each lasting 4 counts. The first part is usually the same for everyone (there are only a few variations).

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511.Les Lanciers / Denmark

Les Lanciers is a square dance, a variant of the quadrille, performed by four couples. It is a composite dance made up of five figures, each performed four times so that each couple dances the lead part. It exists in many variants in several countries. Widespread throughout Europe, it became less fashionable by the beginning of the 20th century. It has survived as a popular dance in Denmark to the present day, having been introduced from England in 1860. From the bourgeoisie of Copenhagen it spread through dancing schools in provincial towns. Now considered a Danish folk dance, it is danced all over the country at many universities’ and countless private functions. It is also taught in most of the high schools in Denmark, where it is often performed at the school's galas.

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512.LETKAJENKKA / Finland

LETKAJENKKA is a Finnish dance, based on the idea of performing Jenkka music using non-traditional instruments. The steps of Letkajenkka are like the steps of Bunny Hop, a novelty dance from the 1950s. It has been said that exchange students returning from the United States to Finland would have imported the steps of the Bunny Hop to Finland. The form of the letkajenkka songs is consistent with traditional Jenkka, but where the music is distinctively Jenkka, the dance steps are not. Whereas the Bunny Hop starts with a right foot lead, the Letkajenkka transformed into a dance based on the same step, but starting with a left leg lead. This can be seen from the early recordings for TV and in some movies made during the hottest craze.

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513.Lezginka / Azerbaijan

Lezginka is a folk dance of a Northeast Caucasian ethnic group called Lezghins, coming from Northeast Caucas, native predominantly to southern Dagestan and to northeastern Azerbaijan. It is a male solo dance (often with a sword) and also a couple dance. The man, imitating the eagle, falls to his knees, leaps up, and dances with concise steps and strong, sharp arm and body movements. When the dance is performed in pairs, couples do not touch. The woman dances quietly as she regards the man’s display.

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514.Liigo dance / Latvia

Liigo dance is a dance happening during the summer solstice celebrations in Latvia, happening the night from June 23th to June 24th, called “Liigo” or “Jāņi”. On that night people participate in joyous festivities just as their ancestors did centuries ago. Ideally celebrating in the nature, making garlands of oak leaves or wild flowers, going to the sauna, drinking beer and devouring copious amounts of caraway cheese, they also sing-along and dance. Jāņi was originally a festival for pagan farmers that existed long before the arrival of Christianity and the traditions of the festival remain immensely popular to this day.

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515.Limbo Dance / Trinidad and Tobago / Global

Limbo Dance, also called the under the stick dance, was a ritual dance performed at African wakes. It became popular in Trinidad in the late 19th century. It is believed to be a re-creation of going down on a slave ship. Slave ships were very narrow and had low ceilings, therefore slaves needed to have flexibility to navigate through it. Limbo dance involves a dancer moving to a rhythmic beat and dancing under a stick. All contestants attempt to go under it with their backs facing the floor. They cannot knock the stick over or touch it with their body. This step is repeated with the stick being lowered one notch each time. This continues with all dancers, until there is just one left who has not touched the stick, fallen or laid on the floor.

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516.Lindjo / Croatia

Lindjo is the most popular dance of the Dubrovnik coastal region in Croatia. It is danced to the accompaniment of lijerica (an old South Dalmatian instrument with three strings). It is extensively performed in the Dubrovnik's region, in Konavle area, in Dubrovačko Primorje on the Pelješac Peninsula and on the islands of Mljet and Lastovo, as well as parts of Herzegovina. The dance master plays sitting, with lijerica on his left knee, while stamping with his right foot, thus dictating rhythm to the dancers. They move in a circle around the dance master, who gives commands (in rhyme, humorous and often with double meaning). He also decides who will dance with whom and dictates the change of dance figures, along with encouraging the dancers to compete in improvisations.

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517.LINDY HOP / USA / Global

LINDY HOP is a dance born in Harlem, New York City in 1928. It has evolved with jazz music of that time and was very popular during the Swing era, a fusion of many dances that preceded it or were popular during its development. It is mainly based on jazz, tap, breakaway, and Charleston, combining elements of both partnered and solo dancing with movements and improvisation of African-American dances along with the formal eight-count structure of European partner dances. In this step's open position, each dancer is generally connected hand-to-hand; in its closed position, leads and follows are connected as though in an embrace on one side and holding hands on the other. Renewed interest started in the 1980s with dancers and loosely affiliated grass-roots organisations in North America, South America, Europe, Asia, and Oceania.

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518.LINE DANCE / Global

LINE DANCE is a choreographed dance with a repeated sequence of steps in which a group of people dance in one or more lines or rows, all facing either each other or in the same direction, and executing the steps at the same time. Each dance consists of a sequence of steps that are repeated throughout the music. Although a variety of music may be used, the major emphasis is on country-and-western music. Line dancing is practiced and learned in country-western dance bars, social clubs, dance clubs and ballrooms. It is sometimes combined on dance programs with other forms of country-western dance, such as two-step, western promenade dances, and as well as western-style variants of the waltz, polka and swing.

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519.Lion Dance / China

Lion Dance is a form of traditional dance in Chinese culture and other Asian countries in which performers mimic a lion's movements in a lion costume to bring good luck and fortune. It is usually performed during the Chinese New Year and other Chinese traditional, cultural and religious festivals. It may be performed at important occasions such as business opening events or wedding ceremonies, or may be used to honour special guests. It has two main forms: the Northern Lion and the Southern Lion, both commonly found in China. Around the world especially in South East Asia, the Southern Lion predominates. Versions of the lion dance are also to be found in Japan, Korea, Tibet and Vietnam. Another form it exists in Indonesia, but it may be of a different tradition and may be referred to as Singa Barong.

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520.LIQUID / USA

LIQUID is the most famous and practiced style of Gangsta Walking. It takes bits and pieces from other Street Dance styles like Liquid dancing, Robot, Locking, Popping, Gliding and even Breakdancing all merged with the traditional dance. The most recognisable moves in the dance are the dancers doing moves similar to the two-step between making another motion and spinning or walking on the tips of their toes. This style of the Gangsta Walk is mostly done by the younger generation and the generation behind them who grew up shortly after the invention of Buck music.

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521.LIQUID AND DIGITS / USA

LIQUID AND DIGITS is a type of gestural, interpretive, rave and urban street dance that sometimes involve aspects of pantomime. The term invokes the word liquid to describe the fluid-like motion of the dancer’s body and appendages and digits to refer to illusions constructed with the dancer’s fingers. Liquid dancing has many moves in common with Popping and Waving. The exact origins of the dances are uncertain, although they came out of either Popping, Raves, or both sometime from the 1970s to 1990s. The dance is typically done to a variety of electronic dance music genres from trance to drum and bass to glitch hop, depending on the dancer’s musical taste.

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522.Liscio / Italy

Liscio is a folk couple dance originating from the northern Italian region of Romagna at the end of the 19th century. It later became popular and spread to the rest of the country. It includes three dances: Mazurca, Valzer, Polka. It owes its name to the movements of the dancers who use to slip, rub their feet, and then go off smoothly (“liscio”). The main elements of the dance were: the use of instruments such as the clarinet (from the end of the nineteenth century) and the drums together with the sax flat, to the banjo and the singer. They are still normally danced during summer folk festivals.

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523.Litolobonya / Lesotho

Litolobonya, which translates to old clothes, is one of several Basotho dances performed by women in Lesotho. Only married women and mothers can attend the concerts in the village. Women historically used the dance a few months after childbirth to confirm her core was strong enough to return to the physically demanding Basotho woman's role, including carrying water on her head.

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524.LITURGICAL DANCE / Global

LITURGICAL DANCE is a type of dance movement sometimes incorporated into liturgies or worship services as an expression of worship. Some liturgical dance had been common in ancient times or non-western settings, with precedents in the Hebrew religion back to accounts of dancing in the Old Testament. Created first by the Protestants, it became popular to other parts of the Christian Church.

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525.Leekspin Dance / Global

Leekspin Dance called also Loituma Girl Dance is a dance coming from a Flash animation, set to a scat singing section of the traditional Finnish folk song "Ievan Polkka," sung by the Finnish quartet Loituma on their debut album in 1995. It appeared on the Internet in late April 2006 and quickly became popular. The animation consists of six frames showing the Bleach anime character Orihime Inoue twirling a leek, set to a 27-second loop from the song. The animation is taken from episode two of the Bleach anime series. In July 2006, the Finnish newspaper reported that Loituma Girl had caused a resurgence in Loituma's popularity, and the band had received thousands of fan letters from around the world.

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526.Locomotive / Global

Locomotive is a funny dance, often performed at special occasions such as weddings or various celebrations. People are usually drunk. Mostly they are dancing to a specific song which text talks about locomotive, but it is not necessary. People stick to their hips and imitate the train and its movement. Locomotive dance is to be seen in many countries around the globe, in particular in Czech Republic and Poland.

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527.LOCKING / USA / Global

LOCKING is a style of funk dance, originally called Campbellocking, created in 1969 in Los Angeles, California by Don “Campbellock” Campbell and popularized by his crew The Lockers. A locker’s dancing is characterized by frequently locking in place and after a brief freeze moving again. It relies on fast and distinct arm and hand movements combined with more relaxed hips and legs. The movements are generally exaggerated and often very rhythmic, tightly synced with the music. Locking is quite performance oriented, often interacting with the audience, originally danced to traditional funk music, such as James Brown. It includes quite a lot of acrobatics and physically demanding moves, such as landing on one's knees and the split. By nature an improvisational dance, it may be done in solo or in unison with more dancers doing steps or handshakes together.

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528.LOGOBI / Ivory Coast

LOGOBI is an urban musical genre that accompanies certain dance moves. It first appeared in Côte d'Ivoire in 1986 and was popularized initially in university campuses in Abidjan. It became an international dance trend that moved to other African countries and eventually continental Europe. The dance is based on traditional Zouglou dance from Ivory Coast with new elements added. Zouglou and Logobi can be used interchangeably, although Zouglou is more ancient and Logobi is a more modern dance development.

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529.Loncomeo / Chile

Loncomeo means “to move the head” and it is a Mapuche dance from Chile, which imitates the movements of animals around the fire in the central hearth, or fogón. It is danced by young Mapuche boys, who imitates the ostrich.

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530.London Karape / Paraguay

London Karape is a traditional dance, emerged in the second half of the 19th century probably from London, an English dance similar to the Contradanza, which came to Paraguay around 1860. Local people took the basics of its choreography and adapted it to their popular taste. London Karape has its own music, with a lively and happy rhythm, and consists of two sections. It is still popular today and there are two versions of it, known for its music and choreography.

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531.Longsword Dance / England

Longsword Dance is a hilt-and-point sword dance recorded mainly in Yorkshire, England. The dances are usually performed around Christmas time and are believed to derive from a rite performed to enable a fruitful harvest.

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532.LUO DANCES / Kenya

LUO DANCES are elegant and graceful dances performed by the Lou people from Kenya, accompanied by folk music.They involved either the movement of one leg in the opposite direction with the waist in step with the syncopated beats of the music or the shaking of the shoulders vigorously, usually to the tune of the nyatiti, an eight-stringed instrument.

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533.Loudou / Central African Republic

Loudou is performed by a population living in the forest areas, hailing from the region of Lobaye in the southwest of the country. It is performed by the Mbaka and the Mbati, who belong to the ethnic group of Bantu, during the dry season to celebrate the harvest of the caterpillar. The band Zokela, icon of modern and traditional music in the Central African Republic popularized this dance throughout the whole country in the early 1980s.

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534.Luddi / India / Pakistan

Luddi is danced to celebrate a victory in any field. It is from the Punjab region of India and Pakistan. The performers place one hand at the back and the other before the face copying the movement of a snake's head. It is danced with drummer in the centre but sometimes dancers dance before a throng of people and keep moving forward. Luddi dance is more popular across the Sutlej and in Pakistan it is almost as popular as the Bhangra. This dance has historical background and pertains to that moment in history when Punjabi Sardars used to rescue Indian women that were forcibly taken in the direction of Basra in the Middle East.

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535.Luganda / Uganda

Luganda is a traditional dance of Uganda.

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536.LURISH DANCE / Iran

LURISH DANCE includes a range of folk dances that have been passed from generation to generation. Generally it features common Iranian dance, including group, circular arrangements, and colourful costumes, accompanied by distinctive music. Lurish people live majorly in western and southwestern Iran. Their dance styles includes a wide range of folklore among them: Ču-bâzi (Twig dance) - a dance performed in the celebrations, inspired by the heroic battles, danced by two men or sometimes by women, who holds sticks, one as defender, and the other as attacker who has to attack the opponent only below the level of the knee; and Dasmâl-bâzi (Handkerchief dance) - a cheerful dance, mostly performed among the Bakhtiari and southern Lures, a dominant dance at the weddings, performed by women and men, holding two colourful handkerchiefs.