397.JABBAWOCKEEZ DANCE / USA
JABBAWOCKEEZ DANCE is a dance performed by an American hip-hop dance crew called JABBAWOCKEEZ, best known for being the winners of the first season of America's Best Dance Crew in 2008. They were initially formed by members Kevin "KB" Brewer, Phil "Swagger Boy" Tayag, & Joe "Punkee" Larot under the name "3 Muskee". By 2004, their members included Ben "B-Tek" Chung, Chris "Cristyle" Gatdula, Rynan "Kid Rainen" Paguio, and Jeff "Phi" Nguyen. Tony "Transformer" Tran joined the crew in 2013. The Jabbawockeez does not have a group leader - choreography for their performances, as well as music and design choices, is made as a collective unit.
398.Jaipongan / Indonesia
Jaipongan is a popular traditional dance of Sundanese people, West Java, Indonesia. The dance was created by Gugum Gumbira, based on traditional Sundanese Ketuk Tilu music and Pencak Silat movements. In the 1970s, the Indonesian government was opposed to the spread of Western pop music and encouraged the development of Indonesian styles of arts. Developed during this period, Jaipongan’s use of traditional instruments appealed to the older generations, while the raunchy lyrics and dancing appealed to the younger Indonesians. Dances often make use of fans and scarves, and are influenced by the movements of the local martial arts called “pencak silat”. Religious conservatives condemn the suggestive nature of Jaipongan, which often encourages men and women to dance together. Nevertheless, it still remains popular throughout West Java and is considered to be a uniquely Sundanese form of art.
399.JAVA / France
JAVA is a dance which was developed in France in the early part of the 20th century. The origin of its name is uncertain, but it probably evolved from the waltz. Mainly performed in French bal-musette between 1910 and 1960, the dance was largely conceived due to popular demand for a new type of waltz. In particular, one which was easier, faster, more sensual, and would not require a dance hall as large as those typically used for waltzes. Java takes the form of a fast waltz, with the dancers dancing very close to one another, taking small steps to advance. Men will often place both their hands on their partner's buttocks while dancing.
400.Jenile / Djibouti
Jenile is a traditional oracle dance of the Afar people, tied to their ancient Cushitic religion, predating the Islam that is practiced today. It is not considered what we might consider a “dance” per se. The Jenile, who can be a man or a woman, will enter a trance and then deliver oracles. The men will then form a circle around The Jenile while chanting and clapping their hands. Then, the men in the circle, without moving their feet, will bend forward and start chanting faster and faster, until The Jenile in the middle answers the questions.
401.JENKKA / Finland
JENKKA is a fast Finnish partner dance originated in Finnish folk dance, the Finnish version of Schottische. It is danced to the music in 2/4 or 4/4 time signature of about 140 bpm. Men and women do similar steps. In the initial dance position, a man is to the left of a woman, both facing in the direction of the line of dance, with their inner arms on each other's waists. Dancers go forward in a run similar to Polka. After that they join their free arms, assume the face-to-face closed dance position and proceed with the chain of pivot turns, stepping "left-right-left-right" or "left-hop-right-hop". The runs of similar steps are normally started at the beginnings of musical phrases.
402.JERA / Ghana
JERA was originally a religious music and dance of the Kparibas in Dagbon in Ghana, performed before and after hunting expeditions. It is now performed by most Dagbamba villages in Northern Ghana on diverse social occasions: festivals, funerals, and for recreation after a hard day's work. The religious costume is however retained.
403.JERSEY CLUB / USA
JERSEY CLUB is a dance genre that was developed in the North Jersey club scene, particularly in the Jersey club genre of Newark, New Jersey by DJ Tameil, following Baltimore club music developed a cult. Jersey club music developed more fulsomely during the 90s, specifically in the city of Newark (affectionately nicknamed “Brick City”). It was pioneered by DJs largely influenced by the Baltimore club scene of the 80’s. One signature sample that distinguishes Jersey Club from Bmore Club is the “bed squeak” sample.
404.Jazz dance / Global
Jazz dance is the performance dance technique and style that emerged in America in the early twentieth century. It began as an African American social dance that had roots in African slave dances. Over time, a clearly defined jazz genre emerged, changing from a street dance to a theatrical dance performed on stage.
405.Jhumur Nach / India
Jhumur Nach is one of the most famous dance forms of Assam, India, mainly performed by the tea tribes during the autumn season to take a break from their daily schedule and at special festivals. Steps remain synchronised with Madal - a popular two-headed hand drum. Further accompanying the drums are flute and pair of Taals that makes the music harmonious. The dancers clasp each other's waist while holding precision of footwork. There are over 800 tea estates in Assam and in each one of them Jhumur Nach is performed on special occasions and festivals. The male members wear long traditional dresses and women wear sarees with broad borders. The dress is simple yet colourful.
406.Jive / USA / Global
Jive is one of the five International Latin dances. Many of its basic patterns are similar to these of the East Coast Swing with the major difference of highly syncopated rhythm of the triple steps called “chasses”. It originated in the United States from African-Americans in the early 1930s. It is a lively and uninhibited variation of the jitterbug, a form of swing dance. In the United States the term “swing” became the most common word used to describe this dance and the term "jive" was adopted in the UK. Variations in technique led to styles such as boogie-woogie and swing boogie. The modern form of ballroom is a very happy and boppy dance, the lifting of knees and the bending or rocking of the hips often occurs.
407.Joe Bollie masqueradE DANCE / Sierra Leone
Joe Bollie masqueradE DANCE is a dance performed by the Mende tribe in Sierra Leone during their masqarade called Joe Bollie. The dancers are wearing masks and costumes typical for the Mende tribe.
408.Joenpa Legso / Bhutan
Joenpa Legso is the traditional welcoming dance for all ceremonies in Bhutan, performed to popular traditional songs during lay celebrations at home, at community gatherings or work celebrations, they have the main purpose of welcoming the guest of honour, announcing a good start and for the good luck of the event. Usually men and women take part, in a line formation or sometimes a circle. The choreography is quite simple, including graceful arm and hand gestures. There is little movement of the core body, which remains upright and reverential all the time. Participants always start and end with the customary Bhutanese bow, arms stretched in front of the body, showing palms. The traditional attire must be worn. Simplicity in the coordinated movements is the key. The dancers are always part of the community or organisers of an event.
409.Joget / Malaysia
Joget is a traditional Malay dance originated in Malacca. It was influenced by the Portuguese dance of Branyo which is believed to have been spread to Malacca during the spice trade. It is one of the most popular folk dances in Indonesia & Malaysia, normally performed by couples in cultural festivals, weddings and other social functions. It also grew in popularity within the Malay community in Singapore after its introduction in 1942. With Portuguese roots, it is accompanied by an ensemble consisting of a violin of Western world, a knobbed gong of Asia, a flute (optional) and at least two rebana or gendang of Maritime Southeast Asia. The tempo is fairly quick with the feeling of teasing and playing between the partners. The music emphasises duple- and triple-beat division, both in alternation and simultaneously, and sung in the Northeast Malaysia style.
410.Joninės dance / Lithuania
Joninės dance is a dance performed during Midsummer Celebrations in Lithuania, called The Magical Night of Joninės. Nature was worshipped in Lithuania for centuries. Before the country became Christianised, Lithuanians were pagans who praised and venerated nature. They believed in nature deities because they were wholly dependent on nature and its whims. Joninės is a midsummer folk festival celebrated on June 24th all around Lithuania. The traditions include singing songs and dancing until the sun set, telling tales, searching to find the magic fern blossom at midnight, jumping over bonfires, greeting the rising midsummer sun and washing the face with a morning dew, young girls float flower wreaths on the water of river or lake. These are customs brought from pagan culture and beliefs.
411.JOOKIN’ / USA
JOOKIN’ took the classic steps of the Gangsta Walk and combined a much smoother look caused by the music change in Memphis Music during the early 90’s. Jookin’ is most noted for not only its smooth steps, but its heavy introduction of pantomiming into the dance styles. It emphasises footwork in a way that focused the crowds attention on the feet. It is especially characterised by the dancers’ abilities in sliding and stepping movements.
412.Joropo / Venezuela
Joropo is the most representative folk dance with Venezuelan origin. The word "joropo" comes from the Arabic "xarop" which means "syrup" and is related to the Guadalajara syrups from Mexico. It is a dance of flirtation, the llanero tries to conquer the woman, turns in a spiral and turns progressively tighter and together in pursuit of the center occupied by the woman, who remiss and demure approaches the male. The joropo adopted and still uses the hand turn, the movement of the feet, and waltz turns. First, the partners dance a type of waltz holding each other tightly. Then they stand facing each other and make small steps forward and backward as if sweeping the floor. Lastly they hold each other's arms, and the woman does sweeping steps while the man stomps his feet along with the music’s rhythm.
413.JOTA / Spain
JOTA is a Spanish dance that exists throughout Spain, coming from the Spanish region of Aragon.
It tends to be in 3/4 metre and is both danced and sung. In the Castilian style, the dancers are accompanied by guitars, bandurrias, lutes, a dulzaina and drums. The Galician form uses Galician style bagpipes, drums and bombos. Dancers tend to wear regional costumes and sometimes castanets. Steps resemble those of a Waltz, yet there is a lot more variation. Jota songs can be about a wide variety of different subjects, from religious themes, to patriotic feelings to relationships. Jota has been used by many classical composers i.e. Georges Bizet included a Jota in his famous opera “Carmen”. The dance has many different variations. It also became very popular even in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period.
414.Junkanoo / Bahamas
Junkanoo is a parade with music, dance and costumes in many cities around the Bahamas. It is the most important parade in the Bahamas. It is called Junkanoo that could derive from the French word “l’inconnu", which means "the unknown", because most people parade with their faces painted or covered. This celebration is traditionally held 2 times a year, on December 26 and in the New Year, beginning at 2 in the morning and until dawn, around 3 in the afternoon. In this festival people parade wearing masks and colourful costumes while dancing energetically to the rhythm of drums, bells and whistles. The largest Junkanoo parade happens in the capital Nassau, New Providence.