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342.Hadandawa / Sudan

Hadandawa called also Sword dance is a dance from Sudan performed only by men. Arab sword dances evolved out of sword fighting between men. There was even a time when sword dancing was banned during Ottoman rule, as it was believed that dancers, who took swords from soldiers and pretended to "kill" them at the end of the performances, collected the swords to begin a resistance against army.

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343.Hagallah / Libya

Hagallah is a dance performed in Libya at matrimonial ceremonies and This dancing technique represents cultural unity to the core as it is performed during special occasions. It shows a single woman, performing with her head and face properly covered. The main magnetism of the dance is towards females and all the men clap. The female dancer in the performance does a stable walk and she takes very little steps. She can carry either a small handkerchief or a stick, if she carries the stick, that stick is not supposed to twist. A member of the bride’s family usually takes part in the performance. The Hagallah dance allows the women to showcase their beauty, charm and power.

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344.Haka / New Zealand

HAKA is a traditional war cry, war dance, or challenge in Māori culture in New Zealand. It is a posture dance performed by a group, with vigorous movements and stamping of the feet with rhythmically shouted accompaniment. It was originally performed by Māori warriors before a battle, proclaiming their strength and prowess in order to intimidate the opposition. Haka is also performed to welcome distinguished guests, or to acknowledge great achievements, occasions or funerals. The Haka Peruperu is a war dance performed with weapons. Most Haka performed today are Haka without weapons. The Haka 'Ka Mate’ is a famous Haka performed by the All Blacks, presented without weapons. The Haka Pōwhiri is a welcome Haka. Kapa Haka groups are common in schools. New Zealand sports teams perform Haka before their international matches, which made the dance widely known globally.

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345.HAKA MANU & MAHA’U / French Polynesia

HAKA MANU & MAHA’U is a traditional dance from French Polynesia. It means Bird Dance. There are also different dances based on Haka such as Danse du Cochon, which means Pig Dance, the warrior dances. Polynesian civilisation is based on verbal language allowing them to tell stories, call the spirits, speak to their ancestors. It also materialised during dances.

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346.Hakken / The Netherlands

Hakken is a form of rave dance originating from the Dutch hardcore and gabber scene. It is very similar to earlier European folk dance and is thought to be a sub form of zapateo with less airborne moves (unlike jumpstyle, for example, which features the "drunken sailor" style of jazz dance and high kicks). The name is derived from the Dutch verb “hakken” which generally means “chopping” or “hacking”. It consists of small steps that quickly follow to each other to the rhythm of the bass drum. The lower body (down from the pelvis) is the most important part, though it is not unusual to move the arms and torso too. Because one is supposed to keep up to the beat, the dance is usually done fairly quickly.

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347.Halay / Turkey

Halay is a dance from the Eastern, South-Eastern And Central Anatolia. A group of dancers form a line or a semi circle, holding each other’s hands or arms and circle during the dance. It has very different forms from simple figures to the most sophisticated. Without doubt, it is the most commonly performed dance at the entertainment venues in Turkey due to its simplicity and its popularity.

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348.HALLING / Norway

HALLING is a folk dance traditionally performed in rural Norway, although some versions can also be found in Sweden. It is traditionally performed by young men at weddings and parties. It is a quick dance in 6/8 or 2/4 that includes acrobatic, athletic competition between the dancers. It can best be described as rhythmic and acrobatic, consisting of a number of steps which requires both strength and softness elation. It is associated with the valleys and traditional districts of Valdres and Hallingdal, where it is often referred to as the “loose dance”. The term refers to it being danced solo, not in couples. One of the dance moves is called hallingkast. In this move, a girl has traditionally held a hat high using a stick or something similar, and the dancer is supposed to kick down the hat.

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349.HAMBO / Sweden

HAMBO is a traditional dance, originated in Sweden in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It is a couple dance in 3/4 time, danced to music played with a strong accent on the first beat and a tempo that varies from moderate to fast (100 to 120 beats per minute). It has a fixed pattern and tunes almost always have a corresponding eight measure structure. In Sweden, it is in the gammaldans (old-time dance) tradition that, despite the name, arose fairly recently around the beginning of the 20th century. The dance is also danced in North America in the social clubs formed by immigrant Swedes, at International folk dance events and during breaks at contradance venues. Many social waltz groups include the hambo among their regular dances. One of the potential origins of hambo is the polka-mazurka.

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350.Hamçökelek / Turkey

Hamçökelek is a Turkish folk dance. The meter is 4/4. It is danced by Anatolian Hemshin people, Crypto-Armenians, Yörük and others. Its light-hearted lyrics tell the story of a village man's plot to seduce his love.

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351.Hara-Odori / Japan

Hara-Odori is a belly painted dancing originating from Japan.

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352.HARDBASS / Russia

HARDBASS is an electronic music and crazy dance style coming from Russia, popular among football fans and gopniks (same as chavs in England or prolls in Germany). It’s based on simple energetic movements to low bass beats. There are thousands of memes and fun videos about fans of hardbass on Russian Internet. It is also a dance style and music popular in former Soviet Republics.

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353.Harlem Shake / Global / Viral

Harlem Shake is an Internet meme that went massively viral in early 2013. It featured short videos of people wildly dancing to a song of the same name, released by an American DJ and producer Baauer as a single called “Harlem Shake” in May 2012. In January 2013, internet personality Filthy Frank uploaded a comedy sketch to YouTube of himself and a small group of friends outrageously dancing to the song in funny costumes. After a few parodies went viral, Harlem Shake spin-off videos mushroomed on the Internet with ever more creative and elaborate variations as the craze ballooned. Videos are about 30 seconds long and begin with one person quietly dancing in a mask or helmet. When the bass drops, the video cuts to a group of people riotously, and sometimes outrageously shaking their limbs to the music.

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354.Harmandali / Turkey

Harmandali is a dance particular to the Western region of Turkey. As a dance it expresses courage, self-confidence and heroism. It is a victory dance where males are depicted as brave and honourable. The dancers' actions of walking bravely and placing their knees on the ground show the power in each step the warrior takes.

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355.Highland Dancing / Scotland

Highland Dancing is a style of competitive solo dancing developed in the Scottish Highlands in the 19th and 20th centuries in the context of competitions at public events such as the Highland games. It was created from the Gaelic folk dance repertoire, but formalised with the conventions of ballet, and has been subject to influences from outside the Highlands. It is often performed to the accompaniment of Highland bagpipe music and dancers wear specialised shoes called “ghillies”. It is now seen at nearly every modern-day Highland games event.

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356.HIPHOP / USA / Global

HIPHOP refers to street dance styles primarily performed to hip-hop music. It includes a wide range of styles primarily breaking which was created in the 1970s and made popular by dance crews in the United States. The television show “Soul Train” and the 1980s films “Breakin', Beat Street, and Wild Style” showcased these crews and dance styles in early stages; therefore, giving hip-hop mainstream exposure. What distinguishes hip-hop from other forms of dance is that it is often "freestyle" (improvisational) in nature and hip-hop dance crews often engage in freestyle dance competitions—colloquially referred to as “battles". Classically trained dancers developed studio styles in order to choreograph from the hip-hop dances performed on the street. Because of this development, hip-hop dance is practiced in both dance studios and outdoor spaces.

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357.Hipster Dance / Global

Hipster Dance is a dance performed by a hipster or a group of them. With their beards and fashionably uncool clothing, hipsters could be mistaken for all sorts of people. Not surprisingly, there are lots of “or hipster” hashtags and websites, eager to hold up a mirror to the hipsterdom. Is this is a homeless person on a good day, or a hipster? Is this is a Hassidic Jew, or a hipster? It casts the trend in a critical light, drawing either a wry or a hearty laugh among the Internet public. Same with Hipsters dances.

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358.Hiragasy / Madagascar

Hiragasy is a musical tradition in Madagascar and particularly among the Merina ethnic group of the Highland regions around the capital of Antananarivo. The hiragasy is a day-long spectacle of music, dance (the Dihy), and kabary oratory performed by a troupe (typically related by blood or marriage and of rural origin) or as a competition between two troupes. The singers take a seat on the ground while the musicians play behind one, two or several dancers who will perform for approximately 15 minutes. Two dancers typically perform the true Dihy and the style is often acrobatic or takes its inspiration from martial arts. One male dancer, occasionally accompanied by a female dancer typically performs.

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359.HISTORICAL DANCE / Global

HISTORICAL DANCE is a term covering a wide variety of Western European-based dance types from the past as they are danced in the present. Historical dances are danced as performance, for pleasure at themed balls or dance clubs, as historical reenactment, or for musicological or historical research purposes.

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360.Ho Jamalo / India

Ho Jamalo is a popular form of music and dance from the Sindh region of Pakistan.

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361.Holzhackertanz / Germany

Holzhackertanz called also The Wood Chopper's Dance, is one of the most famous of the German Schuhplattler dances. It is performed with between 4 and 6 men, alternately chopping and sawing into a massive log, and slapping their legs around the fallen tree.

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362.HONALA / Malawi

HONALA is a name of a popular dance from the Nkhata Bay people in Malawi. The dance is secular in nature and it is performed by both men and women, dressed in elegant clothing. It is danced to melodic tuned of live accordion music.

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363.Hopak / Ukraine

Hopak, also referred to as Gopak and Prisyadka is a Ukrainian folk dance originating as a male dance among the Zaporozhian Cossacks but later danced by couples, male soloists and mixed groups of dancers. It is performed mostly as a solitary dance by amateur and professional Ukrainian dance ensembles, as well as other performers of folk dances. It has also been incorporated into larger artistic opuses such as operas and ballets.

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364.HORAH / Israel

HORAH is a circle Jewish dance that predates the State of Israel and it became an icon of Jewish and Israeli folk dance. It can be performed to many of the traditional klezmer and Israeli folk songs, traditionally to the music of “Hava Nagila”. In its pioneer version, horah was done at a whirling, breakneck pace. Each dancer’s arms were around the shoulders of those flanking him, with the circle spinning so fast that dancers were sometimes lifted off the ground. Dancing often continued for hours. In the early days, horah was popular mainly in kibbutzim and small communities. Nowadays it is the most common dance at the Jewish life celebration such as weddings and Bar, and Bat Mitzvahs. It also became popular at celebrations by Jews in the United States, United Kingdom and Canada.

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365.Horn Dance / England

Horn Dance called the Abbots Bromley Horn Dance is an English folk dance dating back to the Middle Ages. It takes place each year in Abbots Bromley, a village in Staffordshire, England. The modern version of the dance involves reindeer antlers, a hobby horse, Maid Marian, and a Fool. There are 12 dancers. Six carry the horns and they are accompanied by a musician playing an accordion (a violin in former times). Traditionally, the dancers are all male, although in recent years girls have been seen carrying the triangle and bow and arrow. Until the end of the 19th century the dancers were all members of the Bentley family.

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366.HORO / Romania / Bulgaria

HORO, also known as hora, is a circle dance originating in the Balkans but also found in other countries. Horo is a traditional Romanian folk dance with dancers holding each other's hands and the circle spins, usually counterclockwise, as each participant follows a sequence of three steps forward and one step back. It is usually accompanied by cymbalom, accordion, violin, viola, double bass, saxophone, trumpet or the pan pipes. It is popular during wedding celebrations and festivals, and an essential part of social entertainment in rural areas. In Bulgaria Horo is not necessary in a circle dance - a curving line of people is also acceptable. The steps are extremely diverse. There are probably over one hundred types of Horo dances in the Bulgarian folklore. Types of Horo are also performed in Greece, Moldova, Macedonia, Montenegro, Turkey or even Israel.

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367.Horon / Turkey

Horon is a well-known folk dance of Northern Turkey on the Black Sea Coast. It is performed by very fast, shivering, trembling body movements, the fast melodies are played by kemençe, stringed bowed musical instruments. In this region, the sea plays an important role in the local economy and social life. One of the types of fish that lives primarily in the black sea is the hamsi, a kind of anchovy. This small fish is caught in great numbers by the fishermen's nets. One of the most characteristic movements in Horon dance is a fast shoulder shimmy and a trembling of the entire body, which imitates or suggests the movements of the hamsi as it swims in the sea or struggles in the nets for its life.

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368.HORSE DANCING / Egypt

HORSE DANCING has a very long transcultural tradition. In Egypt it is more organic and spontaneous and less organised than in other parts of the Arab world. Horse dancing is essential for the Gulf region, while in Egypt it remains associated with subcultures and with suburban areas.

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369.Hozagiri / India

Hozagiri is a folk dance, performed in the state of Tripura, India by the Reang people. It is performed by women and young girls, about 4 to 6 members in a team, singing, balancing on an earthen pitcher and managing other props such as a bottle on the head and earthen lamps on the hand, while only the lower half of the body is moved. It is performed on the occasion of Hozagiri festivals or Laxmi Puja, held on the following full moon night of Durga Puja, generally after the 3rd day of Dusshera. The male dancers sing the lyrics and play the Kham and Sumui. The lyrics are very simple.

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370.Hula 'Auana / Hawaii

Hula 'Auana developed in the 1900s, after Hawaii was made a US territory and the islands became a popular destination for American tourists. Once a religious ritual, Hula became a popular entertainment, being accompanied by modern instruments such as the ukulele and slack guitar, and songs written in English. To match the relaxed nature of the islands, movements became more sensual and slow. At its worst, the dance began to take on the kitschy, gaudy stereotypes of commodified Hawaiian tiki culture, with a sexy girl in a coconut bra and grass skirt. Hula 'auana is still practiced by many locals as a modern form of Hula. Male dancers usually wear contemporary clothing such as Hawaiian-print shirts and female sarongs or long dresses. It is danced at many social gatherings such as weddings, graduation ceremonies, or annual May Day celebrations.

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371.Hula Kahiko / Hawaii

Hula Kahiko is a traditional style of Hula dance, accompanied by percussion instruments such as “ipu heke” (a double gourd) and “hula pahu” (drum made of sharkskin and the trunk of a coconut). Hula was an integral part of ancient Hawaiian society as a form of ritual and prayer to the gods. It was banned in the 1820s after arrival of Protestant missionaries, who considered rhythmic hip movements hedonistic. When it was banned, Hula was practiced secretly. After being legalised again in 1870, Hawaiian society had changed and the dance took on the role of entertainment. Chanting plays an important role in the Hula kahiko, as every dance is intended to tell a story based on a poetic text called “mele”. It is danced barefoot by both men and women, usually wearing decorative leis made of leaves, flowers and shells.

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372.HUMPPA / Finland

HUMPPA is a type of music from Finland, related to jazz and very fast foxtrot. It is also a name of a few dances danced to humppa music. They involve bounce that follows the strong bass of the music. There are three different forms of humppa. First one is related to one-step, which arrived in Finland 1913, where both dancers take a step on each first beat (on "hump") and progress to the direction of dance. It is danced making turns in closed position or making figures by changing various open positions. Second form is related to two-step, which came to Finland in 1910, with some rhythm and movement from samba, and waltz. Third form is based on a slow, slow, quick, quick rhythm. Since mid 1970s there is revival of humppa, which keeps traditional social dancing alive.

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373.Huapango / Mexico

Huapango is a Mexican folk dance and music style, part of the style “son huasteco”. The word may come from the Nahuatl word “cuauhpanco” that literally means “on top of the wood”, alluding to a wooden platform on which dancers can make zapateado dance steps. It is interpreted in different forms, the most common being the classic huapango interpreted by a trio of musicians, the huapango norteño interpreted by a group and the huapango de mariachi, which can be performed by a large number of musicians.

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374.Huayno / Peru / Bolivia

Huayno is a genre of popular Andean music and dance originally from the Andes highlands. It is especially common in Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador, but also present in Chile and Argentina, and is practiced by a variety of ethnic groups, especially the Quechua people. The dance begins with the man offering his right arm to the women as an invitation for her to dance Alternatively, he puts his handkerchief on the shoulder of the woman. The dance consists of an agile and vigorous stamping of the feet during which the man follows the woman, opposite to front, touching her with his shoulders after having turned around, and only occasionally he touches his right arm to the left hand of his partner while both swing to the rhythm of the music. His movements are happy and roguish.

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375.hustle / Global

hustle is a catchall name for some disco dances which were extremely popular in the 1970s. Today it mostly refers to the unique partner dance done in ballrooms and nightclubs to disco music. It has some features in common with mambo, salsa and swing dance. Its basic steps are somewhat similar to the discofox, which emerged at about the same time and is more familiar in various European countries. In the 1970s there was also a line dance called the hustle. Modern partner hustle is sometimes referred to as New York hustle, however, its original name is the Latin hustle. People still do this dance around the world today.