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272.Fadango / Spain / Portugal

Fadango is a Spanish dance, usually in triple metre, traditionally accompanied by guitars, castanets or hand-clapping. It can both be sung and danced. Its meter is similar to that of the bolero and seguidilla. The earliest fandango melody and its description were found at the beginning of 18th century. Fandango became fashionable among the aristocracy and was often included in ballets and operas, not only in Spain, but also elsewhere in Europe. Although of Spanish origin, fandango is one of the main folk dances in Portugal. The choreography is quite simple: two male dancers face each other, dancing and tap-dancing one at each time, showing which one has the most lightness. Repertoire of feet changes in the tap-dancing. The dancers can be boy and girl, boy and boy (most frequent) or rarely two girls.

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273.FARANDOLE / France

FARANDOLE is the oldest traditional French dance. It’s been practiced in the south of France, in Provence. It’s a very simple dance, each dancer has to hold hand from the dancer next to him, and make a circle. It is so called chain dance.

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274.Festival Dance / Global

Festival Dance is hard to follow totally uncontrolled and undefined dance style which is mostly performed to music at dance festivals by people under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs.

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275.FEST-NOZ / France

FEST-NOZ is a traditional dance from Brittany practiced in a large group of people during traditional summer festivals.

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276. Fik-Shun / USA

Fik-Shun is an American dancer who combines his disciplined martial arts background with the free-flowing style of hip hop to form his own form of dance. His love of performing and competitive nature fuelled him to pursue the career path he wanted, one of a global entertainer. He has wowed the crowds at World of Dance competitions all over the country. (In fact, he has two of the top 10 most viewed videos on the World of Dance channel. He was also a So You Think You Can Dance Season 10 male winner.

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277.Finger-tutting / Global

Finger-tutting is a type of dance that involves intricate movements of the fingers. The word "tutting" is a street dance style based on angular movements which are supposed to stylise the poses seen on reliefs in the art of ancient Egypt, and refers to "King Tut”. A funk dancer named King Boogaloo Tut, aka Mark Benson, and his dance crew Street Scene is credited for inventing the style, which was adopted and popularised by funk dancers in the USA in the 1980s and 90s, especially in New York alongside the blossoming vogue scene. Today it is related mostly to popping (or pop&locking), dubstep, funk, and industrial dancing.

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278.FINNISH FOLK DANCES / Finland

FINNISH FOLK DANCES are a popular hobby in Finland. The popularity dates back to the beginning of 1900-century. Dances are separated in western and eastern tradition. There is not much information about the traditional Sami-dances from Lappland. Finnish folk dances are mainly symmetric group dances or couple dances that have more free form. Dances are also separated into performative and social dances.

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279.FIN TANGO / Finland

FIN TANGO is a Finnish dance, established variation of the Argentinian tango but with rhythm following the Ballroom tango. It used to be the most popular music for decades in Finland. Its special characteristics include the change of rhythm to beguine during chorus. Central themes of Fin tango lyrics are love, sorrow, nature and the countryside. Many express longing for the old homestead or a distant land of happiness. One of the highlights of Finnish summers is a tango festival, held annually since 1985 in the town of Seinäjoki, which attracts more than 100,000 participants. Fin tango is more related to (slow) foxtrot, but the feel is different - the weight shift happens close to the end of the beat, the pushing foot will accelerate only to pause next to the grounded one before it moves forward to a long step.

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280.Fire Dance / Global

Fire Dance is a group of dance moves that involve the manipulation of fire. Fire performance typically involves equipment or other objects made with one or more wicks which are designed to sustain a large enough flame to create a visual effect. Fire performance includes skills based on juggling, baton twirling, poi spinning, and other forms of object manipulation. It also includes skills such as fire breathing, fire eating, and body burning; so called fakir skills. Fire performance includes fire dancing. Performances can be done as choreographed routines to music, as freestyle, or performed with vocal interaction with the audience. Some aspect of fire performance can be found in a wide variety of cultural traditions and rituals from around the world.

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281.FIRST DANCE / Global

FIRST DANCE is an element in a number of traditions, being an opening of a certain dance function: ball, prom, wedding, etc. First dance of a married couple is a popular element at modern European and American wedding receptions or post-wedding celebrations. The newly married couple, as the guests of honour at a dance, open the dancing. The style of dance is a personal choice. Some couples opt for a rehearsed or a choreographed dance.

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282.First nations Chicken and Grass Dances / Canada

First nations Chicken and Grass Dances are many different forms of dance orginating from the plains aboriginal peoples of Canada, which are still performed at pow wows today. Chicken Dances are meant to imitate the movements of the prairie chicken, with dancers wearing costumes adorned with feathers. The Grass Dance is performed by a male dancer usually dressed in colourful and elaborate fringed costume.

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283.Flamenco / Spain

Flamenco is a highly expressive, Spanish dance. Performed as a solo dance, it is characterised by hand clapping, intricate sweeping arm and body movements and rhythmic percussive footwork. It is usually accompanied by a singer and guitar player. Flamenco comes from Andalusia with the rich cultures of the Sephardic Jews, the Moors and is associated with the Roma or gypsy people called: Gitanos. Some Flamenco movements resemble those of classical Hindu dance from India.

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284.Flashmob / Global

Flashmob is a performance often including dance by a group of at least 10 people who assemble suddenly in a public place, perform an unusual and seemingly pointless act for a brief time, then quickly disperse, often for the purposes of entertainment, satire, and artistic expression. Flash mobs are organised via telecommunications, social media, or viral emails. The term, coined in 2003, is generally not applied to events and performances organised for the purposes of politics (such as protests), commercial advertisement, or publicity stunts that involve public relations firms, or paid professionals.

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285.Flashmob / Bangladesh / Bhutan / Nepal / Tibet

Flashmob is a name for random acts performed at large public gatherings. Bangla, Tibetan, Bhutanese, and Nepali people have performed dances in flash mobs to gather attention, display traditional costumes, dance skills, for general social mobilisation to minority causes, or to simply have fun. Be it as it is, when flash mobs are organised abroad, they frequently have political reasons, as in the case of the Tibetan diaspora. They are opportunities to enjoy community life, celebrate, gather attention to a particular group, or as an instant performance opportunity for students, artists and like-minded. The choice of dance style depends of the motif for the mobilisation.

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286. FLEXING / USA / Global

FLEXING also called Bone Breaking, is a style of street dance from Brooklyn, New York that is characterized by rhythmic contortionist movement combined with waving, tutting, floor moves, and gliding. Flex dancers, referred to as flexers, often perform shirtless and incorporate hat tricks in their performance.

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287.Flirt dance / Global

FLIRT DANCE is a dance with aim to seduce a partner or a larger audience.

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288.FLOATING / USA

FLOATING is a dance that emphasises slick ‘floating’ movements that gives the impression that the dancer is dancing in the air. There are three basic moves: the float, gliding and sliding. All three moves are focused on creating the illusion that there is no friction between the dancer’s shoes and the floor.

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289.Floor Shows / North Korea

Floor Shows are some kind of variety shows revolving around pretty women singing, playing instruments and dancing in front of an audience. In Asian countries such as Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and China, the North Korean government has set up restaurants where guests can eat (North) Korean food and enjoy watching women singing and dancing to a mix of traditional and contemporary music.

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290.FLOSS / Global

FLOSS is a dance move in which a person swings their arms, with clenched fists, from the back to the front of their bodies on each side and do these movements repeatedly. Media outlets have commented that the dance is harder to perform than it appears. The dance became viral after a Saturday Night Live performance of Katy Perry's music “Swish Swish”, and has since become a trend among children and teens, and has been performed by celebrities in videos.

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291. FOAM PARTY / Global

FOAM PARTY is the ulimtate social event in which participants dance to music on a dance floor covered in several feet of suds or bubbles dispensed from a foam machine. Foam parties can be dated back to „A Rhapsody in Black and Blue”, a 1932 short film directed by Aubrey Scotto, where Louis Armstrong dances, sings, and plays his trumpet in a large area of soap suds. Modern foam parties were developed in the early 1990s by club promoters inIbiza, especially atthe Amnesia. Generally, machines were large, ceiling mounted foam generators, that created a large volume of foam that fell from the ceiling onto clubbers. As Ibiza foam parties became more popular the craze spread. In 1992, this was introduced into the UK, where these were the first machines to meet with all UK health and safety requirement.

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292.FOLK DANCE / Global

FOLK DANCE is developed by people that reflect the life of the people of a certain country or region. Folk dances share some or all of the following attributes: 1. they are usually held at folk dance gatherings or social functions by people with little or no professional training, often to traditional music; 2. they are not generally designed for public performance or the stage, though they may later be arranged and set for stage performances; 3. their execution is dominated by an inherited tradition from various international cultures rather than innovation (though folk traditions change over time); 4. new dancers often learn informally by observing others or receiving help from others.

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293.FOLK DANCING TRADITION / Switzerland

FOLK DANCING TRADITION in Switzerland has been primarily the work of “Trachtenvereine” -associations for traditional costumes, that have a goal to preserve traditional folk dancing. In the 162 Central Swiss municipalities there are currently 904 such associations. They perform their dances mainly at folk festivals, association celebrations, traditional events and the “Urschweizer Trachtentag” (a folk festival at which people wear traditional costumes). One unique dance form is the traditional Bödälä, in which dancers stamp their feet on the floor in an expressive, rhythmical manner. The rhythms they create act as a percussive accompaniment to the traditional folk music, usually performed live.

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294.Fon / Thailand

Fon is a folk dance from Thailand, performed to local folk music. The first Fon originated in the northern region of Thailand. Since then, variety of Fon dances came into practice, featuring music and style of each province. Fon is divided into three types: Fon Lep (fingernail dance) - a northern Thai dance, with each dancer wearing six inch long brass fingernails, accentuating the fingers’ movement, and hair in a chignon-style with a yellow jasmine flower tiara; Fon Tian (candle dance) - a performance always held at night, consisting of eight dancers, each carrying candles, in pairs, one pair on each side, wearing full-length sarongs and jackets with a matching shoulder cloth; Fon Ngiew (scarf dance) - a dance performed at happy events, similar to Fon Lep, but faster, with each dancers wearing yellow flower tiara, jong kra bane and sabai.

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295.Formation DANCe / Global

Formation DANCE is a style of ballroom dancing. It is pattern or shadow team dancing by couples in a formation team. The choreography may be based on a particular dance or a medley of dances. Formation dancing may be done for exhibition or for competition between teams. It originated in 1932 in London's Astoria Ballroom. Formation team contests also began in the 1930s in England, and spread to many other countries.

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296.Forró / Brazil

Forró is a genre of Brazilian music and dance originated from Northeastern Brazil. There are three rhythms of forró: “xote” (a slower-paced rhythm), “baião” (the original forró) and “arrasta-pé” (the fastest of the three), and many styles of dancing, varying from region to region, and being known by different names according to location. Forró is danced in pairs, usually very close together, with the man's left hand holding the woman's right hand, his right arm around her back and her left arm around his neck. Other styles may require to stay partially away, or in a considerable distance, only holding their hands up the shoulders. Influences from Cuban salsa and other Caribbean dances has given mobility to forró, with the woman - and occasionally the man - being spun, although it's not essential to spin at all.

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297.FORTNITE DANCE / Global

FORTNITE DANCE is a dance borrowed from a video game called “Fortnite”. Fortnite dances are themselves born out of viral videos, Vines and gifs. In the dance animations are arranged in a shifting storefront that creates an artificial rarity to each move, encouraging players to purchase them during a small window of availability (following victory in battle). Here the symbolic content of each dance is absolute - each is a stand-in, existing in place of its original reference. Players purchase them as both a sign of allegiance to a chosen strand of nostalgia (be that for now defunct Vines or ‘90s cult TV) and a signifier of their own pop culture knowledge. During the Worldcup 2018, French soccer player Antoine Griezmann used to perform a dance right after he scored.

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298.FREESTYLE / Global

FREESTYLE called also dance improvisation is a way of dancing in which the dancer improvises his moves on the spot, as he dances, instead of having them planned beforehand. This development of improvised movement material is facilitated through a variety of creative explorations including body mapping through levels, shape and dynamics schema. Improvisation is a free, seemingly unstructured, less technically strict and impulsive form that draws inspiration from everyday dance practices and influences. It is a movement technique that is capable of evoking dramatic and thought-provoking content just as well as more codified western dance techniques such as ballet and non-western movement forms.

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299.FRENCH CANCAN / France

FRENCH CANCAN is a high-energy, physically demanding dance that became a popular music hall dance in the 1840s, continuing in popularity in French cabaret to this day. Originally danced by both sexes, it is now traditionally associated with a chorus line of female dancers. The main features of the dance are the vigorous manipulation of skirts and petticoats, along with high kicks, splits, and cartwheels. It became the dance from Montmartre and the Moulin Rouge in Paris from the end of 19th century. It’s still very famous in Paris.

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300.Free the Nipple Dance / Global

Free the Nipple Dance is a movement where the nipples freely move while dancing. Such dance moves appear among members of The Free the Nipple movement that emerged in 2015 as a light-hearted protest against the inequality of women. This infectious hashtag sparked a hippy revolution: breasts (as well as nipples) are the symbol of equality. Celebrate female sexuality and embrace the nipple! After all, men’s nipples can be seen all around. Hence the slogan, Free the Nipple!

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301.FRUG / USA

FRUG was a dance craze from the mid-1960s, which included vigorous dance to pop music. It evolved from another dance of the era, Chicken dance, which featured lateral body movements, was used primarily as a change of pace step while doing the Twist. As young dancers grew more tired they would do less work, moving only their hips while standing in place. They then started making up arm movements for the dance, which prompted the birth of the Swim, the Monkey, the Dog, the Watusi, the Mashed Potato, and the Jerk. The Frug is sometimes referred to as the Surf, Big Be a, and the Thunderbird.

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302.Fugdi / India

Fugdi is a Goan folk dance performed by the women in the Konkan region of India during Hindu religious festivals like Ganesh Chaturthi and Vrata. The women sing and dance while enacting varied formations - in a circle or in rows. Usually women in the villages dance Fugdi in circles and women in forest settlements formulate rows. The dance starts with an invocation to Hindu Gods. The pace is slow in the beginning, but soon gains speed. No percussion support is provided. At the maximum pace, the dancers match the rhythm by blowing air through the mouth that sounds like “foo", hence the name Fugdi.

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303.FULA FARE / Guinea

FULA FARE is a dance of the Fula (Peul) people of Guinea.

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304.FULANI / Burkina Faso

FULANI is a dance from Fulani people in Burkina Faso.

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305.funaná / Cabo Verde

funaná is a couple dance, with the partners embracing each other with an arm while with the other arm they hold on the hands together. The dance is made through alternated quick and strong inflexions of each knee, marking the beats of the rhythm. In the more rural way of dancing, the bodies are slightly inclined to the front (having shoulder contact), and the feet lift off the ground. In the more urban way of dancing, more stylised, the bodies are more vertical (having chest contact), and the feet drag on the ground. Funaná is also an accordion-based music. The rhythm is usually provided by the ferrinho. The lyrics of the funaná generally talk about everyday situations, mentioning the sorrows and the happiness of quotidian life, but they also talk about social criticism, reflections about life and idyllic situations.

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306.FUNK / Global

FUNK refers to several street dance styles created in California in the 1970s such as roboting, bopping, hitting, locking, busting, popping, electric boogaloo, strutting, sac-ing, and dime-stopping.

Out of all of these dances, boogaloo is one of the oldest. Funk used to be danced to funk music rather than hip-hop and was not associated with the other cultural pillars of hip-hop (DJing, graffiti writing, and MCing).

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307.Funk Carioca / Brazil

Funk Carioca called also favela funk, and in other parts in the world, baile funk, is a music genre from Rio de Janeiro, derived from Miami bass and gangsta rap music. In Brazil it also to the actual parties or discothèques in which the music is played. Although originated in Rio, funk carioca has become increasingly popular amongst working classes in other parts of Brazil. In the whole country, it is most often simply known as funk, although it is very different musically from what funk means in most other places. Twerking is always associated with this genre.